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Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

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Bronchitis

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Acute inflammation of the air passages within the lung. Most cases of acute bronchitis disappear within few days without lasting effects. usually occurs after a sinus infection or common cold

Causes

  • Viruses that cause colds
  • Bacteria
  • Tobacco/ cigarette smoke
  • Stomach acids that persistently back up into food pipe

Symptoms:

  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Feeling of constriction or burning in the chest
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fever with chills
  • Malaise

Seek medical advice when

  • Severe cough interfering with sleep
  • Fever beyond 4 to 5 days
  • Associated heart or lung problem
  • Coughing up blood or rust colored sputum
  • Repeated attacks of bronchitis

Diagnosis

  • Chest X-ray
  • Lung function test

Complications

  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema 

Prevention

  • Avoid smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Avoid exposure to irritants and air pollutants
  • Use face masks around other people who are coughing and sneezing

Self care at home

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) to reduce fever and muscle aches
  • Avoid exposure to irritants such as tobacco smoke
  • Cool mist vaporizer/humidifier to reduce bronchial irritation

Treatment

  • Antibiotics will not cure viral illness
  • Medications to suppress cough
  • Bronchodilators to open the airways and to reduce the airway resistance
  • Antibiotics in bacterial infection

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