Radiation injury

What is Radiation injury?

Acute radiation syndrome (ARS), also known as radiation poisoning, radiation sickness or radiation toxicity, is a collection of health effects which present within 24 hours of exposure to high amounts of ionizing radiation. The radiation causes cellular degradation due to damage to DNA and other key molecular structures within the cells in various tissues; this destruction, particularly as it affects ability of cells to divide normally, in turn causes the symptoms. The symptoms can begin within one or two hours and may last for several months. The terms refer to acute medical problems rather than ones that develop after a prolonged period.

The onset and type of symptoms depends on the radiation exposure. Relatively smaller doses result in gastrointestinal effects, such as nausea and vomiting, and symptoms related to falling blood counts, such as predisposition to infection and bleeding. Relatively larger doses can result in neurological effects and rapid death. Treatment of acute radiation syndrome is generally supportive with blood transfusions and antibiotics, with some more aggressive treatments, such as bone marrow transfusions, being required in extreme cases.

Similar symptoms may appear months to years after exposure as chronic radiation syndrome when the dose rate is too low to cause the acute form. Radiation exposure can also increase the probability of developing some other diseases, mainly different types of cancers. These diseases are sometimes referred to as radiation sickness, but they are never included in the term acute radiation syndrome.

Questions and answers on "Radiation injury"

What is the affects of too many EEGs and how many EEGs can a person have a year?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
no radiation injury. as many as you want.

Detailed Answer:
Hi,

Thanks for using the forum.

I appreciate your concern.
No worries....

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Periodically experience blood and bloodclots in urine. Have received external beam radiation in 1990 for prostate cancer: suffer from radiation...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
check INR, requires further investigation..

Detailed Answer:
Hello and welcome.

I have read your history carefully.

Acute symptoms of...

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Hi.. my 10 months daughter fell backwards while trying to stand up from ground and her height is less than 2 feet. Im not sure if her bum landed...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Watch for 24 hours, no need to worry much

Detailed Answer:
Hi

I have gone through the query and do understand your concern.
I won't...

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Recent questions on  Radiation injury

doctor1 MD

Hi.. my 10 months daughter fell backwards while trying to stand up from ground and her height is less than 2 feet. Im not sure if her bum landed...

doctor1 MD

Periodically experience blood and bloodclots in urine. Have received external beam radiation in 1990 for prostate cancer: suffer from radiation...

doctor1 MD

What is the affects of too many EEGs and how many EEGs can a person have a year?

doctor1 MD

Hi I am Rama Here , married for 4 years and blessed with daughter . I conceived after 1 year with any contraceptive . but my doctor ref Ubi Q 100...

doctor1 MD

I would like to understand what does the report show in the following case and what does it mean ? what is the suitable medication? : mild...

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