Hi and welcome to HCM. Atherosclerosis
usually doesn't cause signs and symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery. Many people don't know they have the disease until they have a medical emergency, such as a heart attack
The coronary arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. If plaque narrows or blocks these arteries (a disease called coronary heart disease
, or CHD), a common symptom is angina. Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood.
Angina may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. Patient also may feel it in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion
. The pain tends to get worse with activity and go away with rest. Emotional stress also can trigger the pain.
Other symptoms of CHD are shortness of breath
The one test that can directly show blocked arteries is called angiography
. Angiography is an "invasive" test.
Now How to lower atherosclerosis risk?
1.Eat a diet low in trans fats and high in fiber-rich fruits and vegetables.
3.Exercise on most days of the week.
4.Get your cholesterol
and blood pressure checked.
Blood pressure should be kept under control and should never miss taking medications. All the best