Urine dipstick test is a quick way to know if there are (1) obvious infections with raised white cells and bacteria, like UTI; (2) losing protein in the urine (proteinuria
); (3) sugars present; (4) red blood cells or casts.
It is difficult to quantify the amount of sugar or protein lost but it provides a grading from 1+ to 4+ and the higher the number, the higher the amount lost in urine. This then needs to be followed up with other tests.
Trace sugar is nothing to worry unless you have diabetes
, or a family history of diabetes, or you previously had blood glucose
tests that were high. If any of the above is a possibility, a 12h fasting blood sugar with a post prandial sugar test will be required. You can get this done and if normal, no other tests will be required.