The treatment is symptomatic whenever you have episodes of headache with pain killers and some higher drugs. There are few prophylactic medicines which one has to take regularly to prevent the severity and the frequency of attacks. You can ask your doctor for these.
Whether or not you take preventive medications, you may benefit from lifestyle changes that can help reduce the number and severity of migraines. One or more of these suggestions may be helpful for you:
1) Avoid triggers. If certain foods seem to have triggered your headaches
in the past, eat something else. If certain scents are a problem, try to avoid them. In general, establish a daily routine with regular sleep patterns and regular meals. In addition, try to control stress
2) Exercise regularly. Regular aerobic exercise
reduces tension and can help prevent migraines. If your doctor agrees, choose any aerobic exercise you enjoy, including walking, swimming and cycling. Warm up slowly, however, because sudden, intense exercise can cause headaches.
3) Reduce the effects of estrogen
. If you're a woman with migraines and estrogen seems to trigger or make your headaches worse, you may want to avoid or reduce the amount of medications you take that contain estrogen. These medications include birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy
Self-care measures can help ease the pain of a migraine. Try these headache helpers:
1) Keep a diary. A diary can help you determine what triggers your migraines. Note when your headaches start, how long they last and what, if anything, provides relief. Be sure to record your response to any headache medications you take. Also pay special attention to foods you ate in the 24 hours preceding attacks, any unusual stress, and how you feel and what you're doing when headaches strike. If you're under stress, tell your doctor.
2)Try muscle relaxation exercises. Progressive muscle relaxation
and yoga don't require any equipment. You can learn them in classes or at home using books or tapes. Or spend at least a half-hour each day doing something you find relaxing ? listening to music, gardening, taking a hot bath or reading.
3) Get enough sleep, but don't oversleep. The average adult needs seven to nine hours of sleep a night.
4) Rest and relax. If possible, rest in a dark, quiet room when you feel a headache coming on. Place an ice pack wrapped in a cloth on the back of your neck and apply gentle pressure to painful areas on your head.