Get your health question answered instantly from our pool of 18000+ doctors from over 80 specialties

166 Doctors Online
Doctor Image
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

I will be looking into your question and guiding you through the process. Please write your question below.

Reason for diabetes?

Hello :) I have a school assignment about health, and I have a few questions but I cant find the answers to them :( I was hoping you could help me? :) if your not busy
my topic is about diabetes
and here are the questions:
1- Identify the reason for the particular problem
2-Is this diet linked to the diet of aboriginals
3-what can medical pensioners and health officers do to help with these health issues?
Fri, 7 Jun 2013
Report Abuse
Question is related to
Diseases and Conditions ,   ,  
Drug/Medication ,  
Medical Topics ,  
General & Family Physician 's  Response
Thanks for the query to H.C.M. Forum.
Q 1. Identify the reason for the particular problem.

First of all I want to tell you ,what is DIABETES?
Any situation associated with inappropriate hyperglycaemia is known as diabetes.

Common belief is that deficiency of INSULIN is the main cause of diabetes, but this is wrong.
Glucagon play an important role in diabetes.
During fed and fasted ( after food and before food respectively) states metabolic homeostasis is maintained by neurohumoral and auto regulated levels of INSULIN & GLUCAGON in the portal and systemic blood.
This means these two hormones are responsible to maintain the blood glucose level in our body.

One thing is to be noted that these two hormones are antagonistic of each other.
These two hormones are derived from BETA( B) & ALPHA (A) cells located in the close proximity of each other in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans.
Secretions of these hormones are regulated by the levels of metabolic fuels ( glucose and protein) in blood ( plasma).
Activity of the B cells is regulated by level of glucose in body.If glucose level is high insulin secretion increases from B cells.
Simultaneously there is decrease in the secretion of glucagon from the A cells.

In short we can say as level of glucose falls the level of insulin decreases.

If due to any reason, there is any injury or due to any disease to B cells of pancreas , the level of INSULIN will not maintained and there would be diabetes.
If glucagon level not maintained same thing will happen.
What are the causes of diabetes?
As mentioned above imbalance among level of INSULIN & GLUCAGON .
Regular uptake of large amount of glucose is the main cause ,if it is not utilized in body. Suppose we take large amount of glucose and do very hard work than this extra amount of glucose will be utilized hence no diabetes.
If large amount of glucose taken but not utilizes than bound to increase level of glucose in blood.
If large amount of glucose in blood ,it is natural insulin will be there to control this.
As insulin is secreted by B cells ,they have to work extra and at last these cells damages and no insulin and diabetes.
For control we have to take Insulin in injection form.
In reciprocal same thing happen with glucagon hormones.
over feeding,
any disease as above mentioned to these cells develops diabetes.
This is the brief reply of Q no 1.

Q 2 Is this diet linked to the diet of aboriginals ?
The answer of this question is in the first question.
If diet loaded with glucose absolutely and that is not utilized diabetes would develops. This is a subject of research.
Q 3 What can medical pensioners and health officer do to help these health issues?
Here I would say that , if some one is able to remove the causes, which produces diabetes , we will be able to control this disease and same work can do pensioners and health officers.
Hope I have answered your question.
If further any question I will reply gladly.
Best wishes for students.
I find this answer helpful

1 Doctor agrees with this answer

Disclaimer: These answers are for your information only and not intended to replace your relationship with your treating physician.
This is a short, free answer. For a more detailed, immediate answer, try our premium service [Sample answer]
Share on

Related questions you may be interested in

doctor1 MD

management of asymptomatic polyhydraminios. My wife is 25 weeks pregnant and doctor said that the amniotic fluid is more than normal, therefore we would like to know whether it will make any problem for baby or the mother and it occurred due to any other reasons. Diabetes test is not yet done. We really appreciate you if you could advise us on this matter.

doctor1 MD

I fasted than ate something I took my blood sugar recently it was 25. is this bad ?

doctor1 MD

I get low bloodsugar episodes every day. I ve been tested for hypoglycimia and diabetes. I m told I don t have either, but my doctor believes I have hypoglycimia episodes. Does this mean I am a diabetic or that it will turn into that?

Recent questions on  Diabetes mellitus type 2

doctor1 MD

I am type 2 diabetic. Bowel movements always perfect, every day. 6 days ago started having pain from center of my back under rib cage and around left side. Hurts to lay on left side in bed. Gets better when sitting. Tender to push on under rib cage on right side. Have regular appetite , but no bowel movement in 3 days now. Took some mineral oil yesterday but no results.

doctor1 MD

Hi. I am a thirty year old female. am a thirty year old female. I was diagnosed with primary hypertension at age 25. My average reading at diagnosis was 145/110, with peak reading at 185/120. In the past few years, my blood pressure readings have averaged out to slightly above normal with medications, averaging 125/95. However, yesterday I had a higher reading of 150/105 and earlier tonight my blood pressure spiked to 140/115 but has now dropped back down to 135/90. I was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes at age 25 with a fasting blood sugar of 385. Now my blood sugar is in close to normal levels and is treated with Metformin and diet. My A1C is also in normal ranges. I was diagnosed with high cholesterol at age 26. At diagnosis, my total cholesterol was 310. Now it is down to 210 with medication and diet. At diagnois, my LDL cholesterol was 220 and has now dropped to 135 with medications. At diagnosis my HDL cholesterol was 75 and has now risen to 90 with my total cholesterol level being 210 at my last appointment with my cardiologist which was two weeks ago. I have been obese for most of my life and have been unable to lose much weight even with diet and exercise. At my heaviest, I weighed 285 pounds and am now down to 245 pounds which is about 110 pounds overweight. I take Metformin, Benicar, and Vytorin. Last night, I felt naseous and had waves of slight pain and pressure in my chest. I also felt pain in my jawline and left elbow area, which came and went in waves. I was sweating more than usual and was dizzy, but felt better with rest. Today I went about my normal routine, but felt dizzy when I went on my evening walk and now my left arm is numb. With my history, should I go to the ER just be sure this isn t cardiac related?

doctor1 MD

Son, 39, 10 years bedridden with anoxic encephalopathy from heart surgery gone wrong, 1 year diag of type II diabetes; treated with metformin; average glucose is 128. External condom catheter. Last 3 months showing signs of discomfort while urinating. Urine is clear except for white stringy material that tends to cling together in jellyfish-like small clumps of strands. No fever. In general good health. Bowel movements usually normal. Occasional very soft stools. On GT feeding. Half FibersourceHn and Glucerna.

doctor1 MD

hI, i'M A WHITE MALE, 58, 5' 11", 170 IN PRETTY GOOD HEALTH with the exception of diabetes type 2 which was diagnosed about 5 years ago. I take metformin twice daily and sugar has been stable since diagnosis. My problem is getting and maintaining erections. I've tried the viagra & cialis pills which help only mildly. Any ideas?

doctor1 MD

My 71 year old husband is a 100% combat disabled Veteran (Vietnam), with diagnoses of combat-related: PTSD, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (non insulin dependent), Ischemic Heart Disease , COPD (Agent Orange Exposure has been determined to be a...

doctor1 MD

My husband is 68, History of Rectal cancer with neo-adjuvant treatment and surgery with the removal of his spleen, CVA due to Essential Thromobocythemia, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 . He is currently on diamicron, metformin , and Hydrea. All tests...

doctor1 MD

I have a really dry mouth severe itching in vagina and anus feels like worms moving around inside vagina walls are very red and sore which is causing urination to be painful sometimes also I'm very tired all the time and sometimes my eyesight gets...