When lymph nodes swell in two or more areas of the body, it is called generalized lymphadenopathy
. This may be caused by:
A viral illness, such as measles, rubella, chickenpox (varicella), or mumps.
Mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus
), which results in fever, sore throat, and fatigue, or cytomegalovirus
(CMV), a viral infection that causes symptoms similar to those of mononucleosis.
A bacterial illness, such as strep throat (caused by the streptococcus bacterium) or Lyme disease (a bacterial infection spread by certain types of ticks).
Side effects of phenytoin (Dilantin), a medicine used to prevent seizures.
Side effects of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination.
Cancer, such as leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
syndrome (AIDS), which develops after contracting HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). This virus attacks the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight off infection and some disease.
Syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease