Strokes are caused when a blood clot (thrombus) or an embolus (a clot that's travelled from elsewhere in the body, which can be of any material, not neccessarily blood), block a vesel in the brain, cutting of the blood supply to a part of the brain (embolism).
If the blockage isn't relieved quickly, there is a higher risk of infarction (a localized, small area of tissue death) which is irreversible and may effect motor or memory functions among others..
Treatments for stoke include I.V heparin or warfarin to desolve the clot, and embolectomy, which is the removal of an embolus by surgery, keyhole or otherwise.
Extent of recovery from stroke is directly linked to speed of diagnosis and then treatment.
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My daughter had a frontal lobe stroke 25 years ago and last year had two strokes, one in the frontal lobe and one in the cerebellum. I don t know what type of stroke the cerebellum was, others were ischemic. This past Sunday, she fell off the couch, unable to move her left side, face drooping. Husband called 911 for ambulance. Doctor told her they don t think it was a stroke, probably a pseudo stroke which can happen a year after original stroke. How could we tell the difference?