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children have attention deficit and hyperactivity. Sometimes there can be associated mental retardation i.e. low IQ. Due to hyperactivity the children cannot keep themselves at one place. But if the child is very aggressive he needs to be treated with low doses of antipsychotics or mood stabilizers to cut down aggression. The child needs medication as well as the help of a good counselor. The child should be allowed to play in open ground till all his energies get exhausted. Tasks improving concentration should be given to him. There should be encouragement for positive behavior and neglect of negative deeds. Also several conditions in childhood mimic ADHD and need to be ruled out.