Your history and symptoms suggests your problem to be gout
Gout is a painful rheumatic disease. It causes the inflammation of the joints and often starts in the feet or toes.In 70% of sufferers a joint in the big toe is the first to be affected.
Gout results from excess blood levels of uric acid. This is a waste product that is produced when proteins are broken down. Normally uric acid is eliminated in the person's urine, but if there is too much uric acid, it forms crystals that get deposited around joints and tendons. This cause serious inflammation, swelling stiffness
and severe pain
is a very important cause for getting the gout.
It is just a co incidence that you are having this pain after you quit the alcohol.
has no connection in triggering the gouty attack.
Consult your doctor for the investigations and treatment.