What are the repercussion after a baker's cyst ruptures?
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Rarely, a Baker's cyst bursts and synovial fluid leaks into the calf region, causing:
Sharp pain in your knee
Swelling in the calf
Sometimes, redness of your calf or a feeling of water running down your calf
These signs and symptoms closely resemble those of a blood clot in a vein in your leg. If you have swelling and redness of your calf, you'll need prompt medical evaluation to rule out a more serious cause of your symptoms.
Rupture or dissection of fluid into the adjacent proximal gastrocnemius muscle belly is the most common complication, resulting in a clinical picture which looks very much like a DVT (pseudothrombophlebitis syndrome).
Haemorrhage into a cyst has been reported, particularly if there is concomitant bleeding diathesis (eg, haemophilia).
Infection can occur rarely.
Compartment syndrome is a very rare complication caused by ruptured and non-ruptured Baker's cysts.
Trapped, loose calcified bodies in Baker's cysts may occur. They may derive from trauma, arthropathy or synovial osteochondromatosis.
Pressure from the cyst on the common peroneal and tibial nerves has been reported.
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