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What are the repercussion after a baker's cyst ruptures?

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Posted on Fri, 13 Jan 2017
Question: what happens when a bakers cyst bursts?
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Answered by Dr. Nagamani Ng (1 hour later)
Brief Answer:
below is the detailed description.

Detailed Answer:
Hi,
Thanks for posting the query to HCM,

Rarely, a Baker's cyst bursts and synovial fluid leaks into the calf region, causing:

Sharp pain in your knee
Swelling in the calf
Sometimes, redness of your calf or a feeling of water running down your calf
These signs and symptoms closely resemble those of a blood clot in a vein in your leg. If you have swelling and redness of your calf, you'll need prompt medical evaluation to rule out a more serious cause of your symptoms.

Rupture or dissection of fluid into the adjacent proximal gastrocnemius muscle belly is the most common complication, resulting in a clinical picture which looks very much like a DVT (pseudothrombophlebitis syndrome).
Haemorrhage into a cyst has been reported, particularly if there is concomitant bleeding diathesis (eg, haemophilia).
Infection can occur rarely.
Compartment syndrome is a very rare complication caused by ruptured and non-ruptured Baker's cysts.
Trapped, loose calcified bodies in Baker's cysts may occur. They may derive from trauma, arthropathy or synovial osteochondromatosis.
Pressure from the cyst on the common peroneal and tibial nerves has been reported.


Any query do follow up.

Take care.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Nagamani Ng
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Answered by
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Dr. Nagamani Ng

General & Family Physician

Practicing since :2010

Answered : 900 Questions

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What are the repercussion after a baker's cyst ruptures?

Brief Answer: below is the detailed description. Detailed Answer: Hi, Thanks for posting the query to HCM, Rarely, a Baker's cyst bursts and synovial fluid leaks into the calf region, causing: Sharp pain in your knee Swelling in the calf Sometimes, redness of your calf or a feeling of water running down your calf These signs and symptoms closely resemble those of a blood clot in a vein in your leg. If you have swelling and redness of your calf, you'll need prompt medical evaluation to rule out a more serious cause of your symptoms. Rupture or dissection of fluid into the adjacent proximal gastrocnemius muscle belly is the most common complication, resulting in a clinical picture which looks very much like a DVT (pseudothrombophlebitis syndrome). Haemorrhage into a cyst has been reported, particularly if there is concomitant bleeding diathesis (eg, haemophilia). Infection can occur rarely. Compartment syndrome is a very rare complication caused by ruptured and non-ruptured Baker's cysts. Trapped, loose calcified bodies in Baker's cysts may occur. They may derive from trauma, arthropathy or synovial osteochondromatosis. Pressure from the cyst on the common peroneal and tibial nerves has been reported. Any query do follow up. Take care.