Get your health question answered instantly from our pool of 18000+ doctors from over 80 specialties

189 Doctors Online
Doctor Image
MD
Dr. Andrew Rynne

Family Physician

Exp 50 years

I will be looking into your question and guiding you through the process. Please write your question below.

Have blood pressure of 140/100. Should I take precautions in consumption of salt?

Answered by
Dr.
Dr. Aparna Amritsagar

Internal Medicine Specialist

Practicing since :1997

Answered : 274 Questions

default
Posted on Tue, 11 Dec 2012 in Medicines and Side Effects
Question: Hi,
Today i checked my BP (140/100). Dr. said its at border and to take precautions in consumption of salt.
Appreciate if you can advise me how to control the issue.
doctor
Answered by Dr. Aparna Amritsagar 53 minutes later
Hello XXXXXXX

Thanks for writing to us.

Blood pressure of 140/100 is a borderline recording. Just one high Blood pressure recording does not indicate that you have hypertension. When you get three such high recordings of blood pressure on three different occasions, then you need to worry.

Blood pressure recording can be affected by various factors like exertion, stress, anxiety, coffee, tea intake, cigarette smoking. So be sure that you are not having tea, coffee, or smoking cigarette 30 minutes prior to blood pressure recording. Even the stress of visiting a doctor can also increase your blood pressure and heart rate in borderline range. That’s called White coat hypertension which is due to anxiety in the doctor's clinic.

Salt in our diet contains sodium. Normally the kidneys control the level of salt. If there is too much salt, the kidneys pass it into urine. But when our salt intake levels are very high, the kidneys cannot keep up and the salt ends up in our bloodstream. Salt attracts water. When there is too much salt in the blood, the salt draws more water into the blood. More water increases the volume of blood which raises blood pressure.

The recommended amount of salt for people with high blood pressure is about 1500 milligrams a day. Avoid condiments, pickles, cheese, anything canned & processed. You need to check the sodium content on food labels and think twice about anything with over 100 mg per serving.

Things which you can do to reduce your blood pressure.

1.     Reduce weight if you are overweight. Exercise regularly. Regular physical activity of just 30 minutes per day can reduce your blood pressure by 4-8 mmHg.

2.     Eat a healthy diet - Eating a diet that is XXXXXXX in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and reduced intake of saturated fat can lower your blood pressure by up to 14 mm Hg. Make a shopping list before heading to the supermarket to avoid picking up junk food. Read food labels when you shop and stick to your healthy-eating plan when you're dining out.Even a small reduction in the sodium in your diet can reduce blood pressure by 2 to 8 mm Hg.

3.     Limit intake of alcohol if you are drinking.

4.     Avoid tobacco products and secondhand smoke.

5.     Reduce intake of tea, coffee.

6.     Reduce your stress - Stress or anxiety can temporarily increase blood pressure.
7. Regularly followup with your doctor to check your blood pressure.

I hope i have answered your query. In case you have any further questions i will be happy to help you.Wish you good health.
Regards.


Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Aparna Kohli
doctor
default
Follow up: Dr. Aparna Amritsagar 23 minutes later
Thanks Dr. XXXXXXX
doctor
Answered by Dr. Aparna Amritsagar 1 hour later
Hello,

Do follow the simple steps which i had mentioned, that will help you to keep your blood pressure in control.Take care.

Regards
Above answer was peer-reviewed by : Dr. Mohammed Kappan
doctor
premium_optimized

The User accepted the expert's answer

Share on
Question is related to
Diseases and Conditions ,   ,   ,  

Recent questions on  Prehypertension

doctor1 MD

136//79 good blood pressure

doctor1 MD

my wife has times during the day when her heart will suddenly speed up and she feels faint. her doctor told her she has low blood pressure, but when she has one glass of wine she gets a headache like she has hypertension. what do you think is wrong?

doctor1 MD

I am a 72 year old woman in good health with elevated BP in morning. Started Bystolic ( less than 2 mg at night) My BP was 113/68 with pulse of 62. Am I getting too low? My family doc says too low is a risk factor for stroke in older women. What say?

doctor1 MD

Hi, I am 46 y/o female (just turned 46), still active. My height is only 4'9" and weight 122 lb. But my BP and my pulse is high. Usually I don't go to see a doctor, only for my papsmear/mamo. This week I've had a cold and couldn't come to work. I went to see my doctor (after 2 years) and my BP was 150 (didn't tell me how much diastolic was). She just told me to come for another check up in 4 months. I called her next day and asked for some lab tests (cholesterol, creatinine, which I've had done 6 years ago). Why she didn't offer this to me during my visit? Anything else should I check? I decided to change my diet and checking my bp regularly at home. Interesting, that sistolic went down. The highest I've had 123 and lowest 103, but diasolic still high - 79-90. My pulse is 82-96. I think this numbers are telling that I have prehypertension. I work as a sonographer in a busy hospital. My work is also very stressfull. My father died suddenly from the heart attack at 67. My mother has HBP and taking meds. So, I am in high risk. What else can I check (tests) to examine my heart (coronary arteries)? I don't want to start meds.

doctor1 MD

have had neck pain for over a month - was bad at first like pulled muscle. Has gotten better, but hurts worse when I turn my head far left or right. Have Dr apt Wednesday, but just wondering

doctor1 MD

Hello...my husband is 38 and takes medicine for high blood pressure. His mother gives him a diuretic to take and, if he runs out of his own medicine, will give him some of her blood pressure medicine. Right now he is in the hospital for kidney stones...can any of this cause that?

doctor1 MD

Dear Doctor, I'm a 36 year old mail, 5'11", 242 lbs. (down from 250 lbs.) with prehypertension . My blood pressure is variable but the vast majority of the time is in the prehypertensive range. Sometimes, in the mornings, it is at or below 120/80,...