is considered lower than normal if you have fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen.
You should consult an infertility
specialist if you have been having difficult conceiving after a year or more of regular, unprotected intercourse
, of if he has any erectile or ejaculatory or libido issues.
The causes are of oligospermia
are varied, hence your husband needs to be evaluated physically by a specialist and the treatment options range from surgery to medications to ART ( assisted reproductive technology ).
The chances of spontaneous natural conception are drastically reduced with a low semen count and reduced motility.
For IUI ( intrauterine insemination
) to succeed, it is estimated that a count of over one million washed sperm is necessary. When the sperm count is less than 5-10 million, resulting pregnancy
rates are significantly lower. Conversely, success rates are higher with washed counts of over 20-30 million.
IUI success rates range from as low as 6 - 8 % to upto 26 - 30 %. Various factors such as the semen count, age of the couple, the drugs used and the technical ability of the centre - they all influence the success rate. For a low semen count, success rate is obviously low.
Donor sperm is required for azoospermia
( absence of sperms ) or if the semen count is drastically low (
Even for very low sperm counts, you can go for other ART methods like IVF or ICSI , if your finances allow you.
Hope this helped you.