Hi, your wife is having placenta previa
( low placenta).
Placenta previa is a complication of pregnancy
in which the placenta grows in the lowest part of the womb (uterus
) and covers all or part of the opening to the cervix( mouth of the uterus).The main symptom of placenta previa is sudden bleeding from the vagina.The bleeding often starts near the end of the second trimester or beginning of the third trimester.Bleeding may be severe. It may stop on its own but can start again days or weeks later.Treatment depends on the amount of bleeding,whether the baby is developed enough to survive if delivered,how much of the cervix is covered and whether you are in labor.
Yes, your doctor is right. What she needs is intense monitoring for both baby and her. Since she is only 23wks, it would be a prolonged treatment until delivery. Just take precautions as advised by your doctor and frequent follow ups and scans for fetal growth is required. Women with placenta previa face similar problem, but many continue till term and have a healthy baby. Anytime bleeding is more than just spotting, she requires hospitalization for monitoring. If bleeding is intense then consideration of delivery has to taken in the interest of mother.
Definitely your wife needs lot of family support for over coming the stressful situation.