I think your case just needs to be followed.
(DJS) is a type of hereditary hyperbilirubinaemia that was first described independently in 1954 by Dubin and Johnson and by Sprinz and Nelson. Hereditary hyperbilirubinaemias can be divided into conjugated and unconjugated forms. While Gilbert and Crigler-Najjar syndromes are examples of the unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemias, Dubin-Johnson and Rotor syndromes represent the 2 types of familial conjugated hyperbilirubinaemias. Both types of conjugated hyperbilirubinaemias have a relatively benign course, but it is important to establish the diagnosis to spare patients from undergoing multiple unnecessary procedures and to exclude other more serious causes of hyperbilirubinaemia.
Pathophysiology: DJS is an autosomal recessive disorder
that is caused by a mutation in the gene responsible for the human canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT) protein. This protein mediates ATP-dependent transport of certain organic anions across the canalicular membrane of the hepatocyte
. A defect in the cMOAT protein results in impaired hepatobiliary transport of non?bile salt organic anions and is thought to be responsible for the conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia and for the accumulation of hepatocellular pigment.
Age: Patients with DJS tend to develop nonpruritic jaundice during their teen years. Although, most patients are asymptomatic, some complain of nonspecific right upper quadrant pain, which has been attributed to the anxiety associated with prolonged diagnostic testing. Subclinical cases can become evident during pregnancy
or following the initiation of oral contraceptives. A thorough family history can reveal a history of jaundice in an autosomal recessive pattern. Aside from the presence of jaundice, physical examination findings are generally normal, with the exception of possible hepatosplenomegaly
. Hyperbilirubinaemia and clinical icterus can be worsened by intercurrent illnesses, by drugs that can decrease hepatic excretion of organic anions (eg, oral contraceptives), and by pregnancy.
Causes: DJS is an autosomal recessive disorder that is caused by a mutation in the gene responsible for the cMOAT protein. A liver biopsy
is not necessary for diagnosis. Patients may be noted to have a dark liver during routine surgeries (eg, cholecystectomy
), prompting biopsy.