Hi, Welcome to HealthcareMagic Forum.
Was he a Alcoholic? Your Dad's History suggests, he has Portal Hypertension
which is an increase in the blood pressure within a system of veins called the portal venous system. What other symptoms does he have? The treatment for this focuses on preventing or managing the complications, especially the bleeding from the varices
. Diet, medications, endoscopic therapy, surgery, and radiology procedures all have a role in treating or preventing the complications.
He should stop drinking alcohol completely, He will probably be required to consume no more than 2 grams of sodium per day and reduce his Protein intake as well.
If endoscopic therapy, drug therapy, and or dietary changes do not successfully control his variceal bleeding, he may require Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), This procedure involves placing a stent
(a tubular device) in the middle of the liver
. The stent connects the hepatic vein
with the portal vein which reduces the Portal vein Blood Pressure. Kindly don't panic, speak to his Doctors and discuss these aspects with them
I Wish him Good Health, Take Care.