of voice is caused when there is some problem in your vocal cords which are a part of your voice box ( LARYNX
) in your throat.
The most common cause is due to cold
or sinus infection
which results in inflammation or infection of vocal cords and in such a situation,it goes off gradually in next 10 to 14 days.
The other causes can be due to misuse of voice like speaking in noisy situations,or speaking in high pitch,or sometimes polyps or nodules may get formed in your vocal cords and very rarely cancer of larynx.
( gastro oesophageal reflux disease ) can also result in inflammation of vocal cords and this happens due to regurgitation of acid and irritation of vocal cords.
Talk only when you need to until hoarseness goes away.
Drink plenty of fluids to help keep your airways moist.
Avoid actions that strain the vocal cords such as whispering crying or shouting.
Take medicines to reduce stomach acid if hoarseness is due to gastroesophageal reflux disease
If you feel that you are having pain while speaking and if you feel that there is no history of cold or sinus infection,then you may consult a ENT specialist
who can do a laryngoscopy
and visualise the vocal cords directly,throat swab culture,X- ray or CT neck and certain blood tests.
There is nothing to worry about it and shall go away in next few weeks with proper treatment.
As far as cancer of larynx is concerned,it is a very rare happening.