Thanks for posting your query.
According to medical experts, some amount of red blood cells (RBCs) are considered perfectly normal in the urine. This is so because millions of dead RBCs are discharged through the urine every day, as the body gets rid of inefficient and dead blood cells. In medical terminology, blood in the urine is called hematuria. Hematuria is generally of two types; microscopic hematuria
and macroscopic hematuria. In microscopic hematuria there is an abnormal count of red blood cells, but it can't be visualized by the naked eyes. In macroscopic hematuria, also known as gross hematuria
, the amount of blood cells is enough to cause significant changes in the color of the blood turning it from red to pink or brown.
To be diagnosed for hematuria, a child has to go through various tests. These include blood tests and cystoscopy
, that is a test in which the urinary bladder
and urinary tracts are examined through the urethra
with the help of a viewing tube.
The treatment of hematuria involves a critical study of the patient's medication history and diagnostic tests. The urologist
will determine the type of treatment based on the information gathered through repeated tests and medical history of the child.