Amoebiasis is an intestinal parasitic illness which is caused by a single-celled microscopic parasite called Entamoeba histolytica. Parasites are micro or macro organisms which live or depend on other living organisms for their survival or food or both.
Amoebiasis usually occurs by consumption of contaminated water or food that contains the cysts of entamoeba. Most often it spreads by house flies and cockroaches.
Children with amoebiasis present with loose motions with blood and mucus, foul smelling flatus and uneasiness. Chronic infection may lead to weight loss and malnourished children. There is pain in lower abdomen especially on passing a bowel motion. If infection period is long it can involve liver and other body organs also leading to a condition called as amoebic abscess.
What are the causes for Amoebiasis?
Even though there is constant spread of infection, (within a family or in a hotel) some people are resistant to amoebiasis. Even if infected, some are only carriers and do not suffer from it. This shows that the ultimate cause of suffering is hidden than the exposed causative factor i.e. amoeba.
As with trophozoites
Complications usually develop after the trophozoites enter the blood stream to infect other organs. They especially invade the liver, which purifies blood
Amoebiasis is diagnosed by examination of stool and isolating the cysts of the entamoeba.
Amoebiasis is a 100% treatable disease and specific antibiotics such as metronidazole or nitazoxanide may be used for the treatment under a doctor’s prescription. If the disease is advanced and has lead to formation of abscess then the abscess may need to be removed by surgery.
Practice good sanitary conditions. Make servers or chefs wear gloves while preparing or serving food to avoid food contamination
Avoid alcohol for preventing intestinal complications while having amoebiasis.