is a syndrome of ventricular dysfunction
. Left ventricular failure causes shortness of breath
and fatigue, and right ventricular failure causes peripheral and abdominal fluid accumulation; the ventricles can be involved together or separately. Diagnosis is initially clinical, supported by chest x-ray, echocardiography
, and levels of plasma natriuretic peptides. Treatment includes diuretics, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, ?-blockers, aldosterone antagonists, specialized implantable pacemakers, and correction of the underlying disorder.
Digoxin is used to treat heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). It helps the heart work better and it helps control your heart rate.