It is not a heart attack. It is a stroke (suspected). He may be critical till he regains his consciousness.
is focal bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain parenchyma. The cause is usually hypertension. Typical symptoms include focal neurologic deficits
, often with abrupt onset of headache, nausea, and impairment of consciousness. Diagnosis is by CT or MRI. Treatment includes BP control, supportive measures, and, for some patients, surgical evacuation.
Ischemic stroke is focal brain infarction that produces sudden neurologic deficits persisting > 1 h. Common causes are (from most to least common) nonthrombotic occlusion of small, deep cortical arteries (lacunar infarction
); cardiogenic embolism; arterial thrombosis
that decreases cerebral blood flow; and artery-to-artery embolism. Diagnosis is clinical, but CT or MRI is done to exclude hemorrhage and confirm the presence and extent of stroke. Thrombolytic therapy
may be useful acutely in certain patients. Depending on the cause of stroke, carotid endarterectomy
, antiplatelet drugs, or warfarin may help reduce risk of subsequent strokes.
is sudden bleeding into the subarachnoid space. The most common cause of spontaneous bleeding is a ruptured aneurysm. Symptoms include sudden, severe headache, usually with loss or impairment of consciousness. Secondary vasospasm (causing focal brain ischemia), meningismus, and hydrocephalus (causing persistent headache and obtundation) are common. Diagnosis is by CT or MRI; if neuroimaging is normal, diagnosis is by CSF analysis. Treatment is with supportive measures and neurosurgery or endovascular measures, preferably in a referral center.