Hello and Welcome to Healthcare Magic. Thanks for your query.
Common causes for having dark pigmentation under the eye are:
-Stress, anxiety or depression
-Lack of sleep, poor sleep hygiene
-Poor water intake
-Smoking and alcohol
-Unknown causes (idiopathic).
So, it is important to identify specific and treatable cause for best result. In most of the cases reasons for having dark circles
below eyes are multiple and that's why multimodal approach becomes necessary for the treatment.
General treatment consists of:
-Iron and B complex vitamins
-Apply almond oil around eyes in night
-Put slices of cucumber above your eyes daily for 15 minutes
-For stress (if present): daily morning walk, meditation
-Proper sleep for 7 to 8 hrs per day, follow sleep hygiene
-Plenty of water, fresh fruits, vegetables and salads intake
-Using sunscreens: if your skin is sensitive for sunlight
If above steps failed (which is less likely), then you should visit dermatologist
for treatment options like: Medicines, Chemical peeling and Laser treatment
Dr. Sheeba Stephen