Persons with this type of cancer have abnormal cells inside their bone marrow
. The cells grow very fast, and replace healthy blood cells. The bone marrow, which helps the body fight infections, eventually stops working correctly. Persons with AML become more prone to infections and have an increased risk for bleeding as the numbers of healthy blood cells decrease.
When the signs and symptoms of AML go away, you are said to be in remission. Complete remission occurs in most patients.
With treatment, younger patients with AML tend to do better than those who develop the disease at an older age. The 5-year survival rate
is much lower in older adults than younger persons. Experts say this is partly due to the fact that the body of a younger person can better tolerate strong chemotherapy
If the cancer does not come back (relapse) within 5 years of the diagnosis, you are considered permanently cured.
Complications of AML and cancer treatment include severe infections and life-threatening bleeding. Sometimes, the cancer comes back (relapses) after treatment.
Thanks and best of luck to your brother.