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What is the cause and treatment for fingernail abnormalities?

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General & Family Physician
Practicing since : 2003
Answered : 1227 Questions
Dear Dr. dermatolog im attaching my wife finger nail which has lately sort of curve in its middle changing its shape pls see attached image . would you please advice what is this is there any thing to do or cream to use . iheared that in some cases using an infected beauty salon tools pedicure and manicure might be a reason. there is no symptoms its just like this a six months ago noting that other nails are normal. please advice Best Regards
Posted Thu, 13 Mar 2014 in Skin Hair and Nails
Answered by Dr. Vaishalee Punj 1 hour later
Brief Answer: Longitudinal ridge Detailed Answer: Hi Thanks for posting your query on HealthcareMagic. It seems like a longitudinal ridge (onychorhexis). It is usually caused by some change in the nail matrix. More common causes are nutritional deficiencies like iron deficiency, folic acid deficiency and protein deficiency. It is sometimes associated with systemic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, peripheral vascular disease etc. These systemic conditions have other symptoms as well. I would suggest that you should get her blood tests done - basic along with for the above mentioned nutritional deficiencies namely iron profile, serum folic acid level, serum protein (and albumin and globulin levels). Thus contact a doctor to get a prescription for these tests. The treatment will most depend on the cause. For example if it is iron deficiency she can take syrup dexorange one - two tablespoon daily for 3 months. Hope it helps. Dr Vaishalee
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