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Looking information on diabetes, risk factors, treatment and life style

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information about diabetes, risk factors, treatment, life style
Posted Fri, 27 Jul 2012 in Diabetes
Answered by Dr. Pavan Kumar Gupta 28 minutes later
Hello and thanks for the query.
There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. All three types of diabetes share the same basic characteristic -- the body's inability either to make or to use insulin. Your body needs insulin, a hormone, to be able to use glucose, which comes from the food you eat, for energy. Without enough insulin, glucose stays in the blood, creating high levels of blood sugar. Over time, this buildup causes damage to your kidneys, heart, nerves, eyes, and other organs.
Risk factors
With type 1 diabetes, which starts in childhood, the pancreas stops producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone your body needs to be able to use the energy -- glucose -- found in food. The primary risk factor for type 1 diabetes is a family history of this lifelong, chronic disease.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can't use the insulin that's produced, a condition called insulin resistance. Though it typically starts in adulthood, type 2 diabetes can begin anytime in life. Because of the current epidemic of obesity among U.S. children, type 2 diabetes is increasingly found in teenagers.

Here are the risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes.

Obesity or being overweight. Diabetes has long been linked to obesity and being overweight.
Ethnic background. Diabetes occurs more often in Hispanic/Latino Americans, African-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Alaska natives.
hypertension/126" >High blood pressure . Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a major risk factor for diabetes. 
History of gestational diabetes. 
Family history.
 Sedentary lifestyle. Being inactive -- exercising fewer than three times a week -- makes you more likely to develop diabetes.

Polycystic ovary syndrome. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
Age. Some doctors advise anyone over 45 to be screened for diabetes. That's because increasing age puts you at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Whatever your risk factors for diabetes may be, there's a lot you can do to delay or prevent diabetes. To manage your risk of diabetes, you should:

manage your blood pressure
keep your weight within or near normal ranges
get moderate exercise on most days
eat a balanced diet
Treatment consists of oral anti diabetic drugs and injection insulin depending upon various factors.
I hope to have answered your query however you may revert to me for any other query.
Best of luck.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by
Follow-up: Looking information on diabetes, risk factors, treatment and life style 34 hours later
what is the pathological association with hypertension and diabetes
Answered by Dr. Pavan Kumar Gupta 4 hours later
Hypertension ( HT) is frequently associated with diabetes mellitus ( DM).
the prevalence of HT in diabetic population is twice  that in non diabetic population.
HT is recognized as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease so is diabetes.
When both co exist the risk is not merely added up but compounded.
The pathogenesis of HT on type 1 DM differs from that in type 2.While in former it is correlated to the onset of diabetic Nephropathy,in later it is often present before the diagnosis of diabetes.It is often associated with insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia which leads to HT through a variety of mechanism.
HT in diabetics is associated with increased mortality from macro vascular as well as micro vascular complications of diabetes.
DM and HT are common disorders and prevalence of both rises with increase in age.They are frequently seen together in a same individual suggesting a common pathogenic mechanism.
Below the age of 50 years prevalence of HT is higher in diabetic men than in woman but after the age of 50 years,prevalence is higher in women than men.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by
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