Urinary bladder

What is Urinary bladder?

This is where urine is collected before urination. The body produces urine continuously but we only urinate 2/3times per day because the body collects it here and only empties from when it is full. It is located in the pubic area. It collects and stores urine from both kidneys through the bladder and it is emptied through the urethra.

Questions and answers on "Urinary bladder"

An MRI of my hip in December indicates that my "bladder is thick walled but not well distended". At that time I was being treated with an antibiotic for a urinary tract infection. I was curious if the thickening may be a temporary condition arising from the infection which is now resolved.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
It was most likely temporary even if due to the urinay infection

Detailed Answer:
Hi Edwardg5,
Thanks for writing in to us.

I have read through your query in detail.
Please find my observations below.

1. There are 2 probabilities in the above event.

(i) The urinary bladder was not...

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on going UTI (or so the dr. thought) Had a catscan and it revealed a thickening of the bladder. Bacteria and blood in urine sample. What causes "thickening" of the bladder?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Common causes include infection or neurological conditions

Detailed Answer:
Hi,
Thanks for writing in to us.

The urinary bladder is a bag like structure in which the urine is temporarily stored before being let out though the urethra.

The urinary bladder has a wall made of smooth...

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what is a cysto test and how does it go?


doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Probably you are referring to cystoscopy test.

Detailed Answer:
Hello Jfhodge
Thanks for writing to HCM

Probably you are referring to cystoscopy test.
Cystoscopy is used to examine urinary bladder and urethra in variety of diseases.

Examining doctor uses a hollow...

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i have what seams like air comeing from my penice when i urinate can you help whit this problem

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
as explained in details.

Detailed Answer:
Hi.
Thanks for your query, albeit short and specific.
The commonest causes for air coming from penis during urination are:
- Cystitis, that is infection and inflammation of the urinary bladder with gas producing bacteria.
- When there is...

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Hi,

I just had a ultrasound on my kidneys and bladder and the results were "Unremarkable Renal Ultrasound" Am I correct that this means normal?

Also my bladder was "underdistended" what does that mean?

Thanks for your help!

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Yes,you have correct interpretation.

Detailed Answer:
Hello

Yes,you have correct interpretation.It means normal ultrasound of KUB region.
Kidneys and urinary bladder are normal.

Under distended urinary bladder means urinary bladder is not optimally filled.Normally we scan pelvis...

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What conditions or diseases are associated with blood in the urine, and if needed, what specialty doctor do I need to see?

doctor1 MD


Hi,
Thanks for writing in to us.

Blood in the urine at your age can be due to many causes as listed below
1. A stone in the kidneys or ureters or urinary bladder.
2. An infection or inflammation involving the kidneys or urinary bladder.
3. Any benign or malignant growth involving the kidneys,...

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Intermittant lower abdominal cramping & fatique. No constipation.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
It could be due to Urinary bladder problem.

Detailed Answer:
Hi
Urinary bladder along with Uterus and ovaries are present in the lower abdomen.
Any disease related to these organs can lead to cramping.
I prefer to do an Ultrasound abdomen for any clue.
Please consult your doctor and...

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Due to mild abdominal pain and recent weight loss, I was sent for a CT session of "Pre-contrast Helical scans of the abdomen and pelvis + Post-contrast Axial scans of the abdomen and pelvis during the venous phase and of the urinary bladder after 7-mins-delay" - A question here: what is the purpose of a 7-mins-delsy scan of the urinary bladder?? I did not say I feel anything wrong with my urinary/bladder function..
Thank you Doctor for your advice.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
It is just a normal procedure followed in every abdominal contrast CT scan.

Detailed Answer:
Hello

It is a normal protocol to evaluate urinary bladder in contrast CT scan of abdomen and plevis.
It take some time to fill contrast in urinary bladder,so delayed scan is taken after 7-...

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i Had a pet/ct.
can you review and give your view
TUMOR IMAGE PET/CT SKUL-THIGH (CPT=78815) - Details
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About This Test

Details
Study Result

WHOLE BODY PET-CT, 2/26/2015.

COMPARISON STUDIES:
CT of the abdomen and pelvis, 5/9/2014.

CLINICAL HISTORY:
Transitional cell adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder, stage II..
Cystitis cystica.

IMAGING PROTOCOL:
Whole body PET-CT images were obtained, scanning from the skull base to the proximal femurs, 60
minutes following the uneventful intravenous administration of 12.6 mCi of Flouorine-18 FDG,
including a low-dose noncontrast CT scan, for localization-fusion purposes, followed by 2-D axial
PET images, supplemented by reformatted coronal and sagittal fused PET-CT images.
Automated exposure control and ALARA manual techniques for patient specific dose reduction were
followed while maintaining the necessary diagnostic image quality.

ADVERSE EFFECTS:
None.

FINDINGS:
THE NECK:
The nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx maintain grossly normal nonenhanced CT appearances,
without definite discrete hypermetabolic lesions.
The parotid and submandibular glands are normal and symmetrical in size, without discrete
hypermetabolic lesions.
The larynx has a normal CT appearance, without definite focal nonenhanced CT abnormalities or
discrete hypermetabolic lesions.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic cervical or supraclavicular lymph nodes are present.

The thyroid gland is normal in size, without definite dominant solid nodules or discrete
hypermetabolic lesions.

THE THORAX:
No suspicious hypermetabolic pulmonary nodules are detected.
The lungs are normal in volume, without airspace consolidation or pleural effusions.

The thoracic aorta and central pulmonary arteries are normal in caliber; the heart chambers are
normal in size, without pathological hypermetabolic pericardial radiotracer uptake or a pathological
pericardial effusion; multivessel calcified coronary plaque is present.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic axillary, mediastinal, hilar, or cardiophrenic lymph
nodes are present.

THE ABDOMEN:
The liver is normal in size and morphology, demonstrating homogeneous parenchymal attenuation and
normal heterogeneous physiological tracer uptake, without definite discrete focal parenchymal CT
abnormalities or pathological hypermetabolic foci that exceed a 2:1 ratio, in comparison to the
normal hepatic parenchyma.
The pancreas is normal in size and morphology, demonstrating homogeneous glandular attenuation,
without definite discrete focal CT abnormalities or pathological hypermetabolic foci.
The spleen is normal in size and attenuation, without pathological hypermetabolic foci.
Stable bilateral adrenomegaly is redemonstrated, consistent with adrenal hypertrophy, without
dominant nodules or pathological hypermetabolic foci.
The kidneys are normal and symmetrical in size and cortical thickness, without pyelocaliectasis or
perinephric stranding; both kidneys demonstrate homogeneous nephrographic attenuation, without
definite discrete solid lesions.

Diffuse aortoiliac atherosclerosis is present, without aneurysmal dilatation.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic retroperitoneal lymph nodes are present.

THE PELVIS:
The urinary bladder is partially distended, demonstrating mild-moderate circumferential wall
thickening, accompanied by intense edematous perivesical fat stranding, without discrete
intraluminal filling defects; a small diverticulum is present along the left lateral bladder wall.
Mild prostatomegaly is present, associated with multiple similar foci of intense hypermetabolic
radiotracer uptake along the peripheral zone.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic pelvic or inguinal lymph nodes are present.

The small and large bowel are normal in caliber and wall thickness, demonstrating extensive sigmoid
diverticular formation, without discrete hypermetabolic intraluminal lesions or edematous
mesenteric-pericolic fat stranding.

No pelvic ascites is present.

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM:
The cervicothoracolumbar vertebra maintain normal heights, without discrete blastic or lytic
vertebral lesions or discrete hypermetabolic foci.
No discrete hypermetabolic osseous lesions are detected along the thoracic cage, the proximal
humeri, or the proximal femurs.

=====
IMPRESSION:
1. Mild-moderate circumferential wall thickening of the urinary bladder wall, accompanied by
intense edematous perivesical fat stranding, collectively reflecting the clinical history of
cystitis cystica, without discrete intraluminal filling defects.
2. Multiple similar foci of intense hypermetabolic radiotracer uptake along the prostatic
peripheral zone, highly suspicious for multifocal prostatic carcinoma; the differential diagnosis
does include multifocal prostatitis.
3. No PET/CT evidence of remote hepatic, pulmonary, or osseous metastases.
4. No PET/CT evidence of hypermetabolic pelvic nodal disease.
5. Coronary atherosclerosis.
6. Diffuse aortoiliac atherosclerosis, without aneurysmal dilatation.
7. Extensive sigmoid diverticular formation.

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doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
You do not have distant metastasis

Detailed Answer:
Hello
Thanks for posting PET/ CT report.
I have gone through the entire report and threads of our previous discussions .and noticed that it has not spread to distant organs or lymph nodes either locally or in para aortic lymph...

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mild pelvicalyceal dilatation means? what is the problem? if it is problem how we can solve this?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Please find details below

Detailed Answer:
Hi Venkata,
Thanks for writing in to us.

I have read through your query in detail.
Please find my observations below.

1. There is mild pelvicalyceal dilatation in means that the collecting system in the kidney where urine is generated is...

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Recent questions on  Urinary bladder

doctor1 MD

hi my boyfriend had undergone a turp last month. he was sent home with a catheter as he was unsuccessful to trial a void at hosp.they made an appt about for ten days later to do another trial of void and he was successful.but ever since then he was having little trouble to urinate but only urinating about 100mls every two hrs. about a week ago he had passed some clots then after that he couldnt urinate well and had stinging and pain in his penis and sharp pains in his rectum. i took him to the emergency and he had retained urine in his bladder.the doctors catherised him and had blood in his urine and some clots. hes been in hospital ever since. his urine in the bag is clear now but he has noticed some pus around the tip of his penis coming out from the inside of the head of the penis. aswell just below the head of the penis is quite inflammed around the skin. he is really scared and worried that he may not be able to urinate and experience agony pain when he does trial of void. i am worried for him.

doctor1 MD

I have been scanned and discovered to have gallstones. I am on medication which includes Pantozol for stomach hyperacidity and duspatalin retard as an antispasmodic for the gall bladder. lately my stool has been grey in colour and my urine a dark almost brownish or medium yellow colour. I am schheduled for a gall bladder op in 3 weeks. Are these stool and urine colours normal under this medication?

doctor1 MD

I had a hysterictomy on 5/13 and a bladder sling put in on 6/17..my lab test today shows large blood and small leuks in a urine test and they are doing a culture worried about just a infection like i had before the systerictomy but was reading about leuks and am scared.. Debbie

doctor1 MD

I am 48 year old male. My wight is 60 kgs. I have no sugar or BP problem. recntly about a month back, I experienced pain in lower abdomine and pain in testicles after I passed urin. I could not pass urine that day for almost 6 hours and when I passed it was under pressure. The pain started after I passed urine. Though I suffered the pain for about an hour or so later it did not relapse. However I had some discomfor in my lower back and hip. I consulted a doc who suspected kidney stone. I took the medicine (homeo) prescribedby him. I also followed hios suggestion of drinking good amunt of water. Though the pain has completely dissapeared i some time do have a dull pain in the back and just above the testicles on the sides. It does not in any way affect my regualr work, but definitely a bit discomfortable. My question to you is 1. Does retaining urine under pressure in bladder cause renal stones. 2. What care shopuld I take ?

doctor1 MD

I am a 77year old female . Uti have been with me for 40 some years. The start over the back my shoulders, down both arms, into both hands and fingers, with pain like fiery symptoms at start of urination. At seams that no physition has ever heard...

doctor1 MD

What conditions or diseases are associated with blood in the urine, and if needed, what specialty doctor do I need to see?

doctor1 MD

I had an uncomfortable bladder, so I tested first void. It tested positive for nitrite and trace leucocyte. I used a second strip to be sure and again nitrite appeared positive. I had a cystoscopy scheduled for the morning anyway but when I gave...

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