Urinary bladder

What is Urinary bladder?

This is where urine is collected before urination. The body produces urine continuously but we only urinate 2/3times per day because the body collects it here and only empties from when it is full. It is located in the pubic area. It collects and stores urine from both kidneys through the bladder and it is emptied through the urethra.

Questions and answers on "Urinary bladder"

An MRI of my hip in December indicates that my "bladder is thick walled but not well distended". At that time I was being treated with an antibiotic for a urinary tract infection. I was curious if the thickening may be a temporary condition arising from the infection which is now resolved.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
It was most likely temporary even if due to the urinay infection

Detailed Answer:
Hi Edwardg5,
Thanks for writing in to us.

I have read through your query in detail.
Please find my observations below.

1. There are 2 probabilities in the above event.

(i) The urinary bladder was not...

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on going UTI (or so the dr. thought) Had a catscan and it revealed a thickening of the bladder. Bacteria and blood in urine sample. What causes "thickening" of the bladder?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Common causes include infection or neurological conditions

Detailed Answer:
Hi,
Thanks for writing in to us.

The urinary bladder is a bag like structure in which the urine is temporarily stored before being let out though the urethra.

The urinary bladder has a wall made of smooth...

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what is a cysto test and how does it go?


doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Probably you are referring to cystoscopy test.

Detailed Answer:
Hello Jfhodge
Thanks for writing to HCM

Probably you are referring to cystoscopy test.
Cystoscopy is used to examine urinary bladder and urethra in variety of diseases.

Examining doctor uses a hollow...

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i have what seams like air comeing from my penice when i urinate can you help whit this problem

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
as explained in details.

Detailed Answer:
Hi.
Thanks for your query, albeit short and specific.
The commonest causes for air coming from penis during urination are:
- Cystitis, that is infection and inflammation of the urinary bladder with gas producing bacteria.
- When there is...

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Hi,

I just had a ultrasound on my kidneys and bladder and the results were "Unremarkable Renal Ultrasound" Am I correct that this means normal?

Also my bladder was "underdistended" what does that mean?

Thanks for your help!

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Yes,you have correct interpretation.

Detailed Answer:
Hello

Yes,you have correct interpretation.It means normal ultrasound of KUB region.
Kidneys and urinary bladder are normal.

Under distended urinary bladder means urinary bladder is not optimally filled.Normally we scan pelvis...

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What conditions or diseases are associated with blood in the urine, and if needed, what specialty doctor do I need to see?

doctor1 MD


Hi,
Thanks for writing in to us.

Blood in the urine at your age can be due to many causes as listed below
1. A stone in the kidneys or ureters or urinary bladder.
2. An infection or inflammation involving the kidneys or urinary bladder.
3. Any benign or malignant growth involving the kidneys,...

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Intermittant lower abdominal cramping & fatique. No constipation.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
It could be due to Urinary bladder problem.

Detailed Answer:
Hi
Urinary bladder along with Uterus and ovaries are present in the lower abdomen.
Any disease related to these organs can lead to cramping.
I prefer to do an Ultrasound abdomen for any clue.
Please consult your doctor and...

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Due to mild abdominal pain and recent weight loss, I was sent for a CT session of "Pre-contrast Helical scans of the abdomen and pelvis + Post-contrast Axial scans of the abdomen and pelvis during the venous phase and of the urinary bladder after 7-mins-delay" - A question here: what is the purpose of a 7-mins-delsy scan of the urinary bladder?? I did not say I feel anything wrong with my urinary/bladder function..
Thank you Doctor for your advice.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
It is just a normal procedure followed in every abdominal contrast CT scan.

Detailed Answer:
Hello

It is a normal protocol to evaluate urinary bladder in contrast CT scan of abdomen and plevis.
It take some time to fill contrast in urinary bladder,so delayed scan is taken after 7-...

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i Had a pet/ct.
can you review and give your view
TUMOR IMAGE PET/CT SKUL-THIGH (CPT=78815) - Details
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About This Test

Details
Study Result

WHOLE BODY PET-CT, 2/26/2015.

COMPARISON STUDIES:
CT of the abdomen and pelvis, 5/9/2014.

CLINICAL HISTORY:
Transitional cell adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder, stage II..
Cystitis cystica.

IMAGING PROTOCOL:
Whole body PET-CT images were obtained, scanning from the skull base to the proximal femurs, 60
minutes following the uneventful intravenous administration of 12.6 mCi of Flouorine-18 FDG,
including a low-dose noncontrast CT scan, for localization-fusion purposes, followed by 2-D axial
PET images, supplemented by reformatted coronal and sagittal fused PET-CT images.
Automated exposure control and ALARA manual techniques for patient specific dose reduction were
followed while maintaining the necessary diagnostic image quality.

ADVERSE EFFECTS:
None.

FINDINGS:
THE NECK:
The nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx maintain grossly normal nonenhanced CT appearances,
without definite discrete hypermetabolic lesions.
The parotid and submandibular glands are normal and symmetrical in size, without discrete
hypermetabolic lesions.
The larynx has a normal CT appearance, without definite focal nonenhanced CT abnormalities or
discrete hypermetabolic lesions.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic cervical or supraclavicular lymph nodes are present.

The thyroid gland is normal in size, without definite dominant solid nodules or discrete
hypermetabolic lesions.

THE THORAX:
No suspicious hypermetabolic pulmonary nodules are detected.
The lungs are normal in volume, without airspace consolidation or pleural effusions.

The thoracic aorta and central pulmonary arteries are normal in caliber; the heart chambers are
normal in size, without pathological hypermetabolic pericardial radiotracer uptake or a pathological
pericardial effusion; multivessel calcified coronary plaque is present.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic axillary, mediastinal, hilar, or cardiophrenic lymph
nodes are present.

THE ABDOMEN:
The liver is normal in size and morphology, demonstrating homogeneous parenchymal attenuation and
normal heterogeneous physiological tracer uptake, without definite discrete focal parenchymal CT
abnormalities or pathological hypermetabolic foci that exceed a 2:1 ratio, in comparison to the
normal hepatic parenchyma.
The pancreas is normal in size and morphology, demonstrating homogeneous glandular attenuation,
without definite discrete focal CT abnormalities or pathological hypermetabolic foci.
The spleen is normal in size and attenuation, without pathological hypermetabolic foci.
Stable bilateral adrenomegaly is redemonstrated, consistent with adrenal hypertrophy, without
dominant nodules or pathological hypermetabolic foci.
The kidneys are normal and symmetrical in size and cortical thickness, without pyelocaliectasis or
perinephric stranding; both kidneys demonstrate homogeneous nephrographic attenuation, without
definite discrete solid lesions.

Diffuse aortoiliac atherosclerosis is present, without aneurysmal dilatation.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic retroperitoneal lymph nodes are present.

THE PELVIS:
The urinary bladder is partially distended, demonstrating mild-moderate circumferential wall
thickening, accompanied by intense edematous perivesical fat stranding, without discrete
intraluminal filling defects; a small diverticulum is present along the left lateral bladder wall.
Mild prostatomegaly is present, associated with multiple similar foci of intense hypermetabolic
radiotracer uptake along the peripheral zone.

No pathologically enlarged or hypermetabolic pelvic or inguinal lymph nodes are present.

The small and large bowel are normal in caliber and wall thickness, demonstrating extensive sigmoid
diverticular formation, without discrete hypermetabolic intraluminal lesions or edematous
mesenteric-pericolic fat stranding.

No pelvic ascites is present.

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM:
The cervicothoracolumbar vertebra maintain normal heights, without discrete blastic or lytic
vertebral lesions or discrete hypermetabolic foci.
No discrete hypermetabolic osseous lesions are detected along the thoracic cage, the proximal
humeri, or the proximal femurs.

=====
IMPRESSION:
1. Mild-moderate circumferential wall thickening of the urinary bladder wall, accompanied by
intense edematous perivesical fat stranding, collectively reflecting the clinical history of
cystitis cystica, without discrete intraluminal filling defects.
2. Multiple similar foci of intense hypermetabolic radiotracer uptake along the prostatic
peripheral zone, highly suspicious for multifocal prostatic carcinoma; the differential diagnosis
does include multifocal prostatitis.
3. No PET/CT evidence of remote hepatic, pulmonary, or osseous metastases.
4. No PET/CT evidence of hypermetabolic pelvic nodal disease.
5. Coronary atherosclerosis.
6. Diffuse aortoiliac atherosclerosis, without aneurysmal dilatation.
7. Extensive sigmoid diverticular formation.

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doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
You do not have distant metastasis

Detailed Answer:
Hello
Thanks for posting PET/ CT report.
I have gone through the entire report and threads of our previous discussions .and noticed that it has not spread to distant organs or lymph nodes either locally or in para aortic lymph...

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mild pelvicalyceal dilatation means? what is the problem? if it is problem how we can solve this?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Please find details below

Detailed Answer:
Hi Venkata,
Thanks for writing in to us.

I have read through your query in detail.
Please find my observations below.

1. There is mild pelvicalyceal dilatation in means that the collecting system in the kidney where urine is generated is...

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Recent questions on  Urinary bladder

doctor1 MD

I have a 7 year old son with ocular motor apraxia. is there a relationship with OMA to bedwetting and daytime wetting? he still wears a pull up and can t seem to control his bladder. he has seen 2 urologists and he has a normal bladder. he has seen a neurologist and has sensation and seems to have control. teh neuroligist feels he will outgrow it, but it is such an inconsistent problem.

doctor1 MD

I am a 31 yo female who has been experiencing urinary urgency and incontinence for about 2 years with abdominal pain. Had gall bladder removed about 3 years ago. My recent labs show elevated AST and Alt with low red blood cell count but high MCV MCH.Are any of these things related?

doctor1 MD

I am an artritic patient (63 years) for 15 years. MRI revealed I have stenosis in the spinal nerve. One of my problem is I cannot have satisfying sex. There is severe sensation in my penis on the thought of sex and susequently a burning sensation on ejaculation. I have to go often to urinate while having sex. My urine and other parameters have been checked and are normal with no bladder or kidney calculi.

doctor1 MD

My name is Lindsey. I m 21 going on 22 years old and weigh abou 230 lbs. at 5 ft. tall. I had kidney reflux as a child and so did my sister, and cousin. I have a family history of kidney problems. My aunt has kidney disease, my grandma just had a non cancerous tumor removed from her bladder and my mother found that she has blood in her urine. My question is that some days I have to urinate very frequently, but most days its just normal. I have noticed for a while that after I urinate and empty my bladder I feel like my bladder is empty and i m done urinating, however I can sit right back down on the toilet after being done or a minute later and have a few more drops of urine that I need to get out. There has also been a few times when I go to urinate and have to go very badly that I will sit down to urinate and its like there is a hesitation to at first like it won t come out for a second or two then it finally will. I will also add that I never have burning when urinating. I also have pitted edema on both of my lower legs its just a little worse on one side than the other, but it s not in my feet or ankles. So is this all normal or should I see a urologist?

doctor1 MD

I am a 77year old female . Uti have been with me for 40 some years. The start over the back my shoulders, down both arms, into both hands and fingers, with pain like fiery symptoms at start of urination. At seams that no physition has ever heard...

doctor1 MD

What conditions or diseases are associated with blood in the urine, and if needed, what specialty doctor do I need to see?

doctor1 MD

I had an uncomfortable bladder, so I tested first void. It tested positive for nitrite and trace leucocyte. I used a second strip to be sure and again nitrite appeared positive. I had a cystoscopy scheduled for the morning anyway but when I gave...

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