Oopherectomy

What is Oopherectomy?

Oophorectomy (from Greek ᾠοφόρος, ōophóros, "egg-bearing" + ἐκτομή, ektomḗ, "a cutting out of") is the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries. The surgery is also called ovariectomy, but this term has been traditionally used in basic science research to describe the surgical removal of ovaries in laboratory animals. Removal of the ovaries in women is the biological equivalent of castration in males; however, the term castration is only occasionally used in the medical literature to refer to oophorectomy in humans. In the veterinary sciences, the complete removal of the ovaries, oviducts, uterine horns, and the uterus is called spaying and is a form of sterilization.

Partial oophorectomy or ovariotomy is a term sometimes used to describe a variety of surgeries such as ovarian cyst removal or resection of parts of the ovaries. This kind of surgery is fertility-preserving, although ovarian failure may be relatively frequent. Most of the long-term risks and consequences of oophorectomy are not or only partially present with partial oophorectomy.

In humans, oophorectomy is most often performed because of diseases such as ovarian cysts or cancer; as prophylaxis to reduce the chances of developing ovarian cancer or breast cancer; or in conjunction with hysterectomy (removal of the uterus).

The removal of an ovary together with the Fallopian tube is called salpingo-oophorectomy or unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (USO). When both ovaries and both Fallopian tubes are removed, the term bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is used. Oophorectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy are not common forms of birth control in humans; more usual is tubal ligation, in which the Fallopian tubes are blocked but the ovaries remain intact. In many cases, surgical removal of the ovaries is performed concurrently with a hysterectomy. The formal medical name for removal of a woman's entire reproductive system (ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus) is "Total Abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy (TAH-BSO); the more casual term for such a surgery is "ovariohysterectomy". The term "hysterectomy" is often used to refer to removal of any part of the female reproductive system, including just the ovaries; however, the correct definition of "hysterectomy" is removal of the uterus (from the Greek ὑστέρα hystera "womb" and εκτομία ektomia "a cutting out of") without removal of the ovaries or Fallopian tubes.

Questions and answers on "Oopherectomy"

I had 3 months of prostap injections then a salpingo oopherectomy. I seem to have symptoms of an underactive thioriod since starting prostap and...

doctor1 MD

Dear ma'm, it is unlikely but one hormonal replacement might have unmasked the other underlying problem. thanks!

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I had keyhole oopherectomy five weeks ago and had no bowel movements for the first week after surgery since then am not having frequent bowel...

doctor1 MD

it can be
it also can be ide effects of medicines used during and after surgery
i advise you to get investigations after consulting your treating...

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Recent questions on  Oopherectomy

doctor1 MD

I had a bilateral oophorectomy due to ovarian cysts, plus d and c last December. Since then I have had ongoing bleeding like the start of a period....

doctor1 MD

Should I be concerned with this PET scan result? How come they can't rule out metastatic deposit? and what are the hypermetabolic pre tracheal...

doctor1 MD

I'm 84 years old. I recently had a mascetomy (one breast) I'm taking a medication for decreasing my estrogren production. They got all the cancer...

doctor1 MD

2 years ago I had a very large ovarian mass. I had a salphingo oopherectomy and a frozen section done diagnosed with stage 1c ovarian cancer. My CA...

doctor1 MD

I am 30 yrs old, no child, 3 years for marriage. on 18/6/2012 i had undergone laprotomy and laproscopic surgery for Right Salpingo- oopherectomy...

doctor1 MD

Hi. I m 40 years old, have had two one day showings..not really periods..in the last year. I m experiencing post coital bleeding and pain during...

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