What is Orthography?

An orthography is the methodology of writing a language. It includes rules of spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation.

Most significant languages in the modern era are written down, and for most such languages a standard orthography has developed, often based on a standard variety of the language, and thus exhibiting less dialect variation than the spoken language. Sometimes there may be variation in a language's orthography, as between American and British spelling in the case of English. If a language uses multiple writing systems, it may have distinct orthographies, as is the case with Kurdish, Uyghur, Serbian, Inuktitut, Azerbaijani and Uzbek. In some cases orthography is regulated by bodies such as language academies, although for many languages (including English) there are no such authorities, and orthography develops through less formal processes.

Orthography is distinct from typography, which is concerned with principles of typesetting.

Questions and answers on "Orthography"

my child is 8 years old, has not been able to read properly , doesn't remember spellings.
he is able to read and write simple spellings like;...

doctor1 MD

Thanks for the query.
It may be the case learning disability like dysgraphia (difficulty in writing).
Learning disabilities in writing can involve...

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Dear doctor,
My right eye is gradually loosing sight..Image is sharper but small compartively with the left eye image.. so, I feel, when I am...

doctor1 MD

Well I would like to assure you that this won't affect your cognitive powers at all...
Now talking about disparity in Images, it suggests you are...

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hi, im 18 years old and a full time student at college. i have very poor reading, spelling, number and learning skills, i have always been very...

doctor1 MD

Thanks for using healthcare magic

In your case, you need consult a psychologist for proper dyslexia testing. That would help you to find out the...

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