What is Theobromine?

Theobromine, formerly known as xantheose, is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant, with the chemical formula C7H8N4O2. It is found in chocolate, as well as in a number of other foods, including the leaves of the tea plant, and the kola (or cola) nut. It is classified as a xanthine alkaloid, The compounds differ in their degree of methylation.

Despite its name, the compound contains no brominetheobromine is derived from Theobroma, the name of the genus of the cacao tree, (which itself is made up of the Greek roots theo ("God") and broma ("food"), meaning "food of the gods") with the suffix -ine given to alkaloids and other basic nitrogen-containing compounds.

Theobromine is a slightly water-soluble (330 mg/L), crystalline, bitter powder. Theobromine is white or colourless, but commercial samples can be yellowish. It has a similar, but lesser, effect to caffeine in the human nervous system, making it a lesser homologue. Theobromine is an isomer of theophylline, as well as paraxanthine. Theobromine is categorized as a dimethyl xanthine.

Theobromine was first discovered in 1841 in cacao beans by Russian chemist Alexander Voskresensky. Synthesis of theobromine from xanthine was first reported in 1882 by Hermann Emil Fischer.

Questions and answers on "Theobromine"

On this diet thiveisthelife is for energy. Does it rise your blood-pressure?

Thank you, XXXXXXX

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:

Detailed Answer:
Hello Njkanch,

Thank You for choosing healthcare magic.

No, these products should not rise your blood pressure....

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

I have a few Q.Firstly I have a period of anxiety and am daily taking 5-10mg valium.It does not make me sleep though so ive been taking restivit....

doctor1 MD

Hello and welcome to Healthcare Magic. Thanks for your query.

You have mentioned that you are taking Valium (Diazepam) for your anxiety problems...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

I am breastfeeding my 3 week old, and have read that chocolate cab kead to gas and fussiness in the baby. If I eat chocolate, how long would it...

doctor1 MD

Hi and thanks for the query,

I do not think this is a sufficient reason to turn to artificial formula for your baby. The main problem with...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Recent questions on Theobromine

Ask Question
Doctor Image

Hi, I am Dr. Andrew Rynne (Family Physician). I will be guiding you through the process. Please write your question below.

Related Medical Topics