What is Proloid?
- Not to be confused with Thyroxine-binding globulin, a carrier protein responsible for carrying the thyroid hormones in the blood.
Thyroglobulin (Tg) is a 660 kDa, dimeric protein produced by the follicular cells of the thyroid and used entirely within the thyroid gland. Thyroglobulin protein accounts for approximately half of the protein content of the thyroid gland.
Each thyroglobulin molecule contains approximately 100-120 tyrosyl (Tyrosine) residues. However, because only a small number (>20) of these tyrosine residues are subject to iodination by thyroperoxidase in the follicular colloid, each Tg molecule is only able to form very small amounts of thyroid hormone (5-6 molecules of either T4 and T3).