Oral polio vaccine

What is Oral polio vaccine?

Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat poliomyelitis (or polio). The first was developed by Jonas Salk through the use of HeLa cells and first tested in 1952. Announced to the world by Dr Thomas Francis Jr. on 12 April 1955, it consists of an injected dose of inactivated (dead) poliovirus. An oral vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin using attenuated poliovirus. Human trials of Sabin's vaccine began in 1957, and it was licensed in 1962. There is no long term carrier state for poliovirus in immunocompetent individuals, polioviruses have no non-primate reservoir in nature (although they have been induced in transgenic mice), and survival of the virus in the environment for an extended period of time appears to be remote. Therefore, interruption of person to person transmission of the virus by vaccination is the critical step in global polio eradication. The two vaccines have eradicated polio from most countries in the world, and reduced the worldwide incidence from an estimated 350,000 cases in 1988 to just 223 cases in 2012.

In November 2013, the World Health Organization announced a polio outbreak in Syria. In response, the Armenian government put out a notice asking Syrian Armenians under age 15 to get the polio vaccine. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medication needed in a basic health system.

Questions and answers on "Oral polio vaccine"

I had given oral polio vaccination to my daughter (1.5 years old) , but my wife gave her milk before 30 minutes, is there any problem with it? if...

doctor1 MD

Hi XXXXXXX

Thank you for your query on Healthcare Magic,

Don't worry there will be no problem by giving milk to the child before (within) 30...

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My son 3 years old.he had received 8 drops aprox. Or more due to faulty techniques .Is there any harm to my baby.

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Kindly mention the name of drug

Detailed Answer:
Hi Dr. XXXXXXX
Welcome to the HCM

I understand your concerns but kindly mention the...

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Hi Dr. XXXXXXX
How are you??My baby XXXX is doing well only sometimes she does not poop for 6-7 days & few days ago she started crying continously...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Don't miss it

Detailed Answer:
Hi
Thanks for writing again.
Good that she is fine now.
The polio camp for oral polio vaccine should...

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Recent questions on  Oral polio vaccine

doctor1 MD

Which are most important vaccination for child? Must be given vaccination. Pl advice

doctor1 MD

Hi Doctor, My daughter is approx 9 weeks old. For the last 2-3 weeks approx. she starts crying at night (11pm or around 12 midnight) and keeps...

doctor1 MD

GOOD MORNING DOCTOR, I have health question related to the vaccination of my 4 month year old son. date of birth of my son is 14/04/2016. on...

doctor1 MD

hello doctor... my baby is 2.6 yrs old.On 23rd feb 2014 she had given oral polio vaccine in a health centre. Today (25 feb 2014) also she had given...

doctor1 MD

I have dermatomyositis and my baby grand-daughter is about to have her vaccinations which include the oral polio vaccine. As this is a live...

doctor1 MD

Hi
My daughter 3.5 years old , before 4 days , gave her oral polio vaccine , accidentally they gave her 8-10 drops instead of 2 drops as one shot...

doctor1 MD

My kid is one year old now. The child has been given oral polio drops and other vaccinations regularly as per schedule till now. The govt is...

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