Inactivated polio vaccine

What is Inactivated polio vaccine?

Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat poliomyelitis (or polio). The first was developed by Jonas Salk through the use of HeLa cells and first tested in 1952. Announced to the world by Dr Thomas Francis Jr. on 12 April 1955, it consists of an injected dose of inactivated (dead) poliovirus. An oral vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin using attenuated poliovirus. Human trials of Sabin's vaccine began in 1957, and it was licensed in 1962. There is no long term carrier state for poliovirus in immunocompetent individuals, polioviruses have no non-primate reservoir in nature (although they have been induced in transgenic mice), and survival of the virus in the environment for an extended period of time appears to be remote. Therefore, interruption of person to person transmission of the virus by vaccination is the critical step in global polio eradication. The two vaccines have eradicated polio from most countries in the world, and reduced the worldwide incidence from an estimated 350,000 cases in 1988 to just 223 cases in 2012.

In November 2013, the World Health Organization announced a polio outbreak in Syria. In response, the Armenian government put out a notice asking Syrian Armenians under age 15 to get the polio vaccine. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medication needed in a basic health system.

Questions and answers on "Inactivated polio vaccine"

our baby was vaccinated at one and half months with three vaccination injections in her thighs and 1 oral dosage, we were charged for the following...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Suggestions on vaccination

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Hi...Thank you for consulting in Health Care magic.

I too have gone through such world...

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hello doc,
me and my wife blessed with baby girl on nov-28. she is 7 weeks old now. from past few days i m feeling noise on her chest when she take...

doctor1 MD

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The noise may be a wheeze, any other symptoms?

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Let us first...

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Hi Doctor,

What shall i do if Poliomyelitis vaccine given to my 9 moths baby as I.M injection by mistake, the nurse withdraw polio vaccine instead...

doctor1 MD

hello dear
thanks for your query at HCM
i understand your concern regarding child
there are two kinds of polio vaccine available one is oral polio...

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Recent questions on  Inactivated polio vaccine

doctor1 MD

hello doc, me and my wife blessed with baby girl on nov-28. she is 7 weeks old now. from past few days i m feeling noise on her chest when she take...

doctor1 MD

our baby was vaccinated at one and half months with three vaccination injections in her thighs and 1 oral dosage, we were charged for the following...

doctor1 MD

Hi Doctor,

What shall i do if Poliomyelitis vaccine given to my 9 moths baby as I.M injection by mistake, the nurse withdraw polio vaccine instead...

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