What is Cortisol?

Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones, and is produced in humans by the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex within the adrenal gland. It is released in response to stress and low blood glucose.

It functions to increase blood sugar through gluconeogenesis, to suppress the immune system, and to aid in the metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrate. It also decreases bone formation.

Hydrocortisone (INN, USAN, BAN) is a name for cortisol when it is used as a medication. Hydrocortisone is used to treat people who lack adequate naturally generated cortisol. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines needed in a basic health system.

Questions and answers on "Cortisol"

in cushings disease is a cortisol blood test level of 9.7 within the normal range or should i be...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
this is a normal result

Detailed Answer:
HI, thanks for using healthcare magic

A cortisol of 9.7 is normal.

The normal range for an...

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Yes, my new lipid profiles are in:
Chol.: 147
Trig.: 119
HDL: 37
LDL: 87
TCHOL/HDL ratio: 4.0
Are these good and what is my 10-year CVD risk?


doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Following advice

Detailed Answer:
Hi and thank you for asking!
I read your query and understood your concerns.

Your cholesterol...

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Hello My question is what is the treatment for a patient with low cortisol levels ?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Hydrocortisone is used mostly.

Detailed Answer:
Thank you for asking!
The low cortisol level is treated with hydrocortisone in...

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