What is Benzylpenicillin?
Benzylpenicillin (INN, AAN, BAN), also known as penicillin G, (USAN) is a narrow spectrum penicillin antibiotic that is given intravenously or intramuscularly as a treatment for syphilis, meningitis, endocarditis, pneumonia, lung abscesses and septicaemia in children. Penicillin G is typically given by injection parenterally, bypassing the intestines, because it is unstable in the highly acidic stomach. Because the drug is given parenterally, higher tissue concentrations of penicillin G can be achieved than is possible with phenoxymethylpenicillin. These higher concentrations translate to increased antibacterial activity.
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medications needed in a basic health system.