What is Antidiabetic?

Drugs used in diabetes treat diabetes mellitus by lowering glucose levels in the blood. With the exceptions of insulin, exenatide, liraglutide and pramlintide, all are administered orally and are thus also called oral hypoglycemic agents or oral antihyperglycemic agents. There are different classes of anti-diabetic drugs, and their selection depends on the nature of the diabetes, age and situation of the person, as well as other factors.

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a disease caused by the lack of insulin. Insulin must be used in Type I, which must be injected.

Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a disease of insulin resistance by cells. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the most common type of diabetes. Treatments include (1) agents that increase the amount of insulin secreted by the pancreas, (2) agents that increase the sensitivity of target organs to insulin, and (3) agents that decrease the rate at which glucose is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.

Several groups of drugs, mostly given by mouth, are effective in Type II, often in combination. The therapeutic combination in Type II may include insulin, not necessarily because oral agents have failed completely, but in search of a desired combination of effects. The great advantage of injected insulin in Type II is that a well-educated patient can adjust the dose, or even take additional doses, when blood glucose levels measured by the patient, usually with a simple meter, as needed by the measured amount of sugar in the blood.

Questions and answers on "Antidiabetic"

My fasting sugar level was 299 two weeks ago. Since then I have cleaned up my act food wise (I eat like a 12 year old) and I tested at 136 this...

doctor1 MD

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About Diabetes treatment:

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My mom is about 77 years old. She is hypertensive, diabetic since many years. She had a CABG abot 19 years ago. Since then i have kept her diabetes...

doctor1 MD

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I want to know more about your mother.

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My fasting sugar comes out to be 152 and PP 190-210 . I am taking glucomet 500 mg once a day. Should I continue with this or any change in dose is...

doctor1 MD

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Dose modification needed.

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