Type 1 diabetes

What is Type 1 diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus type 1 (also known as type 1 diabetes, or T1DM; formerly insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes) is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The subsequent lack of insulin leads to increased blood and urine glucose. The classical symptoms are polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), polyphagia (increased hunger) and weight loss.

The cause of diabetes mellitus type 1 is unknown. Type 1 diabetes can be distinguished from type 2 by autoantibody testing. The C-peptide assay, which measures endogenous insulin production, can also be used.

Administration of insulin is essential for survival. Insulin therapy must be continued indefinitely and does not usually impair normal daily activities. People are usually trained to manage their diabetes independently; however, for some this can be challenging. Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers and damage to the eyes. Furthermore, complications may arise from low blood sugar caused by excessive treatment.

Diabetes mellitus type 1 accounts for between 5% and 10% of cases of diabetes. Within the United States the number of affected persons is estimated at one to three million. The United States and northern Europe fall somewhere in between with 8-17 new cases per 100,000 per year.

Questions and answers on "Type 1 diabetes"

Should a type 1 diabetic worry about having this done? Does it effect the autoimmune system any further?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Please clarify question

Detailed Answer:
Please state what it is that you are referring to having done in the context of type 1 diabetes...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Hi, I am a type 1 diabetes from 8 years. I have a few questions about type 1 diabetes and thyroid disorders.
1.) Does being a type 1 diabetic put...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
yes you have the possibility of developing hypo

Detailed Answer:
Dear harmeet, hi! i remember answering your queries earlier as well....

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

My wife has recently became a type 1 diabetic. She is 23 years old and was healthy until this. She has no family history of type 1 diabetes. She...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
As below

Detailed Answer:
Hello
Thanks for trusting us with your health concern.
There is no corelation between pre eclampsia, HELLP syndrome...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Recent questions on  Type 1 diabetes

doctor1 MD

Ate my normal foods, but went 14-16 hrs per day without food, intermittent fasting for 6 weeks...normal a1c XXXXXXX 26th. 5.3 or so. hi fat lo carb...

doctor1 MD

My friend's son (40+) has Type 1 Diabetes . He does not take care of himself and it's prob been 10 years since he has seen an Endocrinologist...

doctor1 MD

I ve recently got Elevated Blood sugar in blood test . How i can control it

doctor1 MD

I am interested in a calorie restriction diet, but need a dietitian couch. I've have Type One diabetes for 14 years (under good control - AIC...

doctor1 MD

My 29 year old son received a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. He is a rower and had joint pain and recently also received a diagnosis of 1.5...

doctor1 MD

Bg levels running 500+ for the past week, what to do? I am two and a half years old. Been diagnosed with Diabetes type1 two weeks ago when went...

Ask Question
Doctor Image
MD

Hi, I am Dr. Andrew Rynne (Family Physician). I will be guiding you through the process. Please write your question below.

Related Drugs/Medications
Related Treatment/Therapy
Related Medical Topics