Truncal obesity

What is Truncal obesity?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. In Western countries, people are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, exceeds , with the range 25- defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use stricter criteria.

Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited. On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.

Dieting and exercising are the main treatments for obesity. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. With a suitable diet, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption. If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to feeling full earlier and a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.

Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. Authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease.

Questions and answers on "Truncal obesity"

I am a 54 y.o. female with panhypopituitarianism and a damamged hypothalamus, etiology: optic chiasmal glioma cystic astrocytoma (probably born...

doctor1 MD

Hello . Thanks for writing to HCM.
I read and understand your question.
I try my level best to solve it.
As you are suffering from...

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how do I lose a huge belly. please do no send me firming exercises. my belly is already firm. hard like a watermelon.I am 20 pounds overweight . my...

doctor1 MD

This type of fat distribution is called truncal obesity and is associated with bad cardio and neurological outcomes.
Abdomen can be...

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Fatness in stomach.Despite excercise it is not reducing

doctor1 MD

Thanks for writing in.
From your description I assume that upper abdominal obesity is your problem.
This is typically described as male pattern...

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