What is Superovulation?
Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation is a technique used in assisted reproduction involving the use of fertility medications to induce ovulation by multiple ovarian follicles. These multiple follicles can be taken out by oocyte retrieval (egg collection) for use in ''in vitro'' fertilisation (IVF), or be given time to ovulate, resulting in superovulation which is the ovulation of a larger-than-normal number of eggs, generally in the sense of at least two. When ovulated follicles are fertilised in vivo, whether by natural or artificial insemination, there is a very high risk of a multiple pregnancy.
In contrast, when referring to treating menstrual disorders, such as oligoovulation or anovulation, the preferred term is ovulation induction. In this article, unless otherwise specified, hyperstimulation will refer to hyperstimulation as part of IVF.