Severe obesity

What is Severe obesity?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. In Western countries, people are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, exceeds , with the range 25- defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use stricter criteria.

Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited. On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.

Dieting and exercising are the main treatments for obesity. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. With a suitable diet, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption. If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to feeling full earlier and a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.

Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. Authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease.

Questions and answers on "Severe obesity"

My Liver - Enlarged in size, measures 17.1 cm. Shows increased echogenicity with attenuation. Portal vein is normal. IHBR is not dilated. scan...

doctor1 MD

Dear XXXXXXX,
Thank you for writing in to healthcaremagic.
I am a medical specialist with additional degree in cardiology. I read your mail with...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Hello doctor , i am XXXXXXX shah. I have hypothyrodism. I go for checkup on 6 months interrwal as per my endos instructions. I dont see any change...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Your TSH leves show hypothyroidism.

Detailed Answer:
Hello and thanks for asking.
I have gone through your query.

I have seen your...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Hi. I'm 54 years old, 5 feet tall and I weight 232 pounds. I'm about to begin Weight Watchers, so I'm trying to do something about that. But I'm...

doctor1 MD

Hello and welcome to Healthcare Magic. Thanks for your query.

For a height of 5 feet and a weight of 232 pounds, your Body Mass Index (BMI) works...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Recent questions on  Severe obesity

doctor1 MD

Hello doctor , i am XXXXXXX shah. I have hypothyrodism. I go for checkup on 6 months interrwal as per my endos instructions. I dont see any change...

doctor1 MD

I would like to follow a plan to lose approximately two pounds a week over the next year and a half. I would like to go from morbidly obese down to...

doctor1 MD

My husband has been waking at night with shortness of breath and feeling hot all over but without a fever . He has just completed 3 weeks of...

doctor1 MD

Hi, I am a 5' 1/2-1" girl, 17 years old, with an athletic build and muscle. I am really concerned I am overweight. I have never weighed what my scale...

doctor1 MD

Hi i am 58 years old and was diagnosed as type 2 DB when I was 35. I weigh 111kgs and have had a life long struggle with my weight. I developed...

doctor1 MD

hello doctor.. I am a mother, 27years old. my height is 160cm and i weigh 105kg. i need to lose 50kg. I weighed 112 kg last month and by dieting i...

doctor1 MD

Me and my wife are looking for the best contraceptive mnthod for two years and so we were suggested CRISANTA (Cipla) Pills. I want to know whether...

Ask Question
Doctor Image
MD

Hi, I am Dr. Andrew Rynne (Family Physician). I will be guiding you through the process. Please write your question below.

Related Drugs/Medications
Related Treatment/Therapy
Related Lab Tests
Related Procedures
Related Medical Topics