What is Retinal hemorrhage?
Retinal haemorrhage is a disorder of the eye in which bleeding occurs into the light sensitive tissue on the back wall of the eye. A retinal haemorrhage can be caused by hypertension, retinal vein occlusion (a blockage of a retinal vein), or diabetes mellitus (which causes small fragile blood vessels to form, which are easily damaged). Retinal haemorrhages can also occur due to shaking, particularly in young infants (shaken baby syndrome) or from severe blows to the head.
Retinal haemorrhages that take place outside of the macula can go undetected for many years, and may sometimes only be picked up when the eye is examined in detail by ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, or a dilated fundus exam. However, some retinal haemorrhages can cause severe impairment of vision. They may occur in connection with posterior vitreous detachment or retinal detachment.
Questions and answers on "Retinal hemorrhage"
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