Renal stones

What is Renal stones?

A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus or nephrolith, is a solid piece of material which is formed in the kidneys from minerals in urine. Kidney stones typically leave the body in the urine stream, and a small stone may pass without causing symptoms. If stones grow to sufficient size (usually at least 3mm) they can cause blockage of the ureter. This leads to pain, most commonly beginning in the flank or lower back and often radiating to the groin. This pain is often known as renal colic and typically comes in waves lasting 20 to 60 minutes. Other associated symptoms include: nausea, vomiting, fever, blood in the urine, pus in the urine, and painful urination. Blockage of the ureter can cause decreased kidney function and dilation of the kidney.

Most stones form due to a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Risk factors include being overweight, certain foods, some medications, and not drinking enough fluids. The diagnosis is usually based on symptoms, urine testing, and medical imaging. Blood tests may also be useful. Urinary stones are typically classified by their location in the kidney (nephrolithiasis), ureter (ureterolithiasis), or bladder (cystolithiasis), or by their chemical composition (calcium-containing, struvite, uric acid, or other compounds).

In those who have previously had stones, prevention is recommended by drinking fluids such that more than two liters of urine is produced per day. If this is not effective enough, thiazide diuretic, citrate or allopurinol may be taken. It is recommended that soft drinks containing phosphoric acid (typically colas) be avoided. When a stone causes no symptoms, no treatment is needed. For stones which are causing symptoms, pain control is usually the first measure, using medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or opioids. More severe cases may require procedures. For example, some stones can be shattered into smaller fragments using extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Others require cystoscopic procedures.

In the United States about 9% of the population has had a kidney stone. Slightly more men are affected than women. In 2013 kidney stones resulted in about 15,000 deaths globally.

Questions and answers on "Renal stones"

my blood report shows cretinine 1.2 and urea is 31 since a long time I am kidney stone patient since last two years my cretinine level is between 1.1 to 1.3 presently it is 1.2 two month ago a stone has been removed by cystoscopy and letheolepexy and now there is no stone and no other complain but my question is that whether it is possible the cretinine level lower down?

doctor1 MD

Hallo
Thanks for your query.You had a kidney stone which has been treated successfully by endoscopic procedure.You are worried about your blood urea being 34 mg and Creatinine at 1.2 mg level. I would like to state that these levels are in a range of physiological standard levels,So do not worry...

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i am taking urimax 0.4 mg for kidney stones. i masturbated and the ejaculation wasn't proper. extremely small amount of ejaculate came out. after that urine flow and everything was normal and there was no pain. my question is, can i continue to masturbate? or should i wait till my dosage of medication is over?

doctor1 MD

Hello
Thanks for query .

You have been taking Tomsulosin once daily for kidney stone and taking Tomsulosin once daily and noticed difficulty in ejaculation .

Tomsulosin is smooth muscle relaxant and relaxes bladder neck keeping it wide open resulting in to semen moving backward in to bladder...

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im pretty sure i have kidney stones again i had them 12 yrs ago in my other kidney i am a female 38 and i have 4 kids i have high uric acid crystals in urine and low uric levels in blood it is starting to hurt down my right leg all the way to my knee is that normal with kidney stones

doctor1 MD

Yes it could be a sign of recurrent recurrent kidney stone which can be either in the kidney itself or more likely in the urine drainage path at some level.

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I have pan in my left side in the kidney area and it las maybe 2 to 5 mint, and i have had kidney stones in the past,but every time i go to the doctor they never find anything .Can kidney stones damage your kidney i have had 3 kidney stones in my left kidney only.

doctor1 MD

Thank you for being with healthcare magic! Kidneys stones in the absence of obstruction or infection will not affect your kidney. I hope I have answered your question satisfactorily and please consider a 5 Star rating for my answer.

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hi i love mastrubatin,will it effect my kidney stones which are in both kidneys 5mm and 6mm of size,if so pls can you explain me,so far i have experienced i got quick ejaculation as well as my penis is curve,im worried about it,can u pls let me know why im having this problem,will be appericiable thank you

doctor1 MD

Hi, thank you for using health care magic.
I can understand your concern.
Masturbation practice does not affect any organ of body.
Masturbation is quiet common practice in male and till date no ill effect have been reported. But on the contrary lots of myths surrounding masturbation is present in...

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hello dr. i am experiencing severe pain in my lower abdomen and travelling till my right testies.. it looks like a swelling and the pain is severe. its been like this for the past two days. what could the reasons be? i consulted a doctor and he told me to check for kidney stones.. i am not sure that might be the cause after reading your articles. please advice on my situation! thanks.

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I feel like urinating every five minutes and get a pricking pain in my penis i was suffering from kidney stone pain 3 weeks before but doctor did not find any stones and there was little swelling in my kidney doctor gave some medicine and felt ok but again this pain started what could be the reason

doctor1 MD

Hello

Your symptoms may be due to urinary tract infection(UTI).
You need clinical correlation and investigations like routine hemogram,renal function test,Urine RE/ME and Ultrasound of abdomen.
Leukocyte esterase test and nitrite test can be done for confirmation of UTI.

Proper antibiotics should...

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My husband has a history of kidney stones. He has had trouble the last month or so. First he had a stone that moved from kidney to bladder then he didn't see it pass. He has had a few times since that he is urinating blood. Should he see a Dr. and is consuming about 6 cups of coffee a day bad for kidney stones.

doctor1 MD

Hello
Thanks for query.
Your husband has kidney stone one month back and now has hematuria.
The hematuria that he has could be due to spiky stone in bladder that is causing injury to bladder mucosa giving rise to hematuria .

Please consult qualified Urologist for clinical examination and get...

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hi it hurts when i pee and has done in over 2 years, because i thought it would pass if i didnt do anything. it someitmes bleed to. is it dangerous if i dont go to a doctor? i think i might have kidney stone. my penis has also started to loose skin on the head.

doctor1 MD

Hello,

It is probably not dangerous. However, kidney stones can be treated so you should see a doctor. The penile problem should also be looked into.

Hope I have answered your query. Let me know if I can assist you further.

Thank you.

Regards,
Dr. Anders Mark Christensen
General...

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how can I prevent kidney stones, my dad has got kidney stones, I am scared that it may come to me also.

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Recent questions on  Renal stones

doctor1 MD

D.S.Raju - from Nigeria I have previous history of kidney stones in both kidney and treated with cystone . max stone size 5.5mm and i was affected thrice in last 15 years. now i am following symptoms and currently in warri, nigeira where there are no great facilities. Now i am feeling symptoms of renal failure.I was last diagnosed kidney stones in aug2009 and i consumed medicines cystone for two months and discontinued. later i have done any sonography. I was also treated with medicines for Urinary tract infection & propstate gland infection in past. My presetn symptoms increased frequency of urination - mostly in nights 2-3 times some times burning in urin & bowels not vomit so far slight pain in left kidney and more the feeling of freezeness & burning sensation near left kidney area gas formation in stomach and tight bladder in the morning slight diziness and weakness fluctuating energy levels feeling comfort with low diet metallic taste feeling in mouth sometimes urin color varies mostly normal white when consuming more water otherwise pale yellow no cramps feeling Pl.suggest On monday iam planning for blood test & sonography

doctor1 MD

hi im 16 and have had lots of problems in the last 7 months. these are my symptoms weight gain, big purple stretch marks all over my body, muscle pain, high blood pressure, i am insalin resistant, my eyes twitch and go blury, i dont have a period any more, i had kidney stones, bladder infections, and horrible anxiety. I have been tested for cushing s and two of the tests were normal but two were not. And i also have high cortisol levels and horrible headaches. i still think i have cushing s. what do i do? Please help me

doctor1 MD

My 40 yr. old husband has a large amount of blood in his urine. He has had bad back pain for over a year and usually winds up sleeping upright. Noone seems to know what is wrong with his back but he did have surgery to remove a kidney stone over a year ago. He has bloating in his upper chest and I am thinking its due to an ulcer. He never goes to a doctor and I am seriously worried. He wants to wait until after xmas to go to the dr., but I don t think he should. Can he afford to wait?

doctor1 MD

Hi Doctor... i got kidney stone and had two operations since last 5 months. furthermore, i have anemia till i get bad headache and need to take iron tablets.... am taking Sangobion from lats month and now feel better ... so wanna ask u if it is okay for my kidney or not? how long should continua taking these capsule?

doctor1 MD

I have a recurring pain in my stmach right side a few inches above my hip, What can it be??

doctor1 MD

I've had a pain in my mid back, more towards the left. It feels like a muscle and sometimes is a burning pain that radiates to my stomach. What could this be?

doctor1 MD

My kidney stones do not bother me why would my doctor want me to get the shockwave procedure done .

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