Polycystic ovarian syndrome
What is Polycystic ovarian syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), also called hyperandrogenic anovulation (HA),
PCOS is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Diagnosis is based on two of the following three findings: no ovulation, high androgen levels, and ovarian cysts. Cysts may be detectable by ultrasound. Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, and hyperprolactinemia.
PCOS has no cure. --> Birth control pills may help with improving the regularity of periods, excess hair, and acne. Metformin and anti-androgens may also help. Other typical acne treatments and hair removal techniques may be used. --> In vitro fertilization is used by some in whom other measures are not effective.
PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder among women between the ages of 18 and 44. The earliest known description of what is now recognized as PCOS date from 1721 in Italy.