Peripheral neuritis

What is Peripheral neuritis?

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected. Common causes include systemic diseases (such as diabetes or leprosy), vitamin deficiency, medication (e.g., chemotherapy), traumatic injury, radiation therapy, excessive alcohol consumption, immune system disease or viral infection. It can also be genetic (present from birth) or idiopathic (no known cause). In conventional medical usage, the word neuropathy (neuro-, "nervous system" and -pathy, "disease of") without modifier usually means peripheral neuropathy.

Neuropathy affecting just one nerve is called "mononeuropathy" and neuropathy involving multiple nerves in roughly the same areas on both sides of the body is called "symmetrical polyneuropathy" or simply "polyneuropathy." When two or more (typically just a few, but sometimes many) separate nerves in disparate areas of the body are affected it is called "mononeuritis multiplex," "multifocal mononeuropathy," or "multiple mononeuropathy."

Peripheral neuropathy may be chronic (a long term condition where symptoms begin subtly and progress slowly) or acute (sudden onset, rapid progress, and slow resolution). Acute neuropathies demand urgent diagnosis. Motor nerves (that control muscles), sensory nerves, or autonomic nerves (that control automatic functions such as heart rate, body temperature, and breathing), may be affected. More than one type of nerve may be affected at the same time. Peripheral neuropathies may be classified according to the type of nerve predominantly involved, or by the underlying cause. Where the cause is unknown it is described as idiopathic neuropathy.

Neuropathy may cause painful cramps, fasciculations (fine muscle twitching), muscle loss, bone degeneration, and changes in the skin, hair, and nails. Additionally, motor neuropathy may cause impaired balance and coordination or, most commonly, muscle weakness; sensory neuropathy may cause numbness to touch and vibration, reduced position sense causing poorer coordination and balance, reduced sensitivity to temperature change and pain, spontaneous tingling or burning pain, or skin allodynia (severe pain from normally nonpainful stimuli, such as light touch); and autonomic neuropathy may produce diverse symptoms, depending on the affected glands and organs, but common symptoms are poor bladder control, abnormal blood pressure or heart rate, and reduced ability to sweat normally.

Questions and answers on "Peripheral neuritis"

my feet hurt and have a burning tingling feeling and so do my hands.

My hands tingle and are numb, could this be corporal tunnel...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
It may be peripheral neuritis or carpal tunnel syndrome

Detailed Answer:
Hi

Thank you for the query.

Usually,at this age,pain and...

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I HAVE BEEN HAVING A URNING IN MY LEGS , MOSTLY THE UNDER SIDE3 MUSCLES, IM A DIABETIC AND JUST HAD AN ULTRA SOUND DONE , BLOOD FLOWING GREAT, I...

doctor1 MD

Hi,
From your history it seems that you might behaving diabetic neuropethy resulting in peripheral neuritis.
Keep diabetes under strict control....

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Recent questions on  Peripheral neuritis

doctor1 MD

I have been suffering with burning feet worse at night and was told I had metatarsalgia. However I also suffer with anxiety and panic attacks....

doctor1 MD

my feet hurt and have a burning tingling feeling and so do my hands. My hands tingle and are numb, could this be corporal tunnel syndrome?

doctor1 MD

hey I been having back and legs problem after my accident

doctor1 MD

Have numbness and tingling in both hands also bladder cramps. I am taking Atorvastating 80mg. Have had mild heart attack resulting in stent also...

doctor1 MD

Hello Dr. I have Sciatica problems.. however, I keep getting more & more of the pain & I feel like needles & pins throughout my body. I also get...

doctor1 MD

I went to get out of bed this morning n went down due to right leg being what felt like asleep n numb ..whole rght side of body but could feel skin...

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