What is Obese?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. In Western countries, people are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, exceeds , with the range 25- defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use stricter criteria.

Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited. On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.

Dieting and exercising are the main treatments for obesity. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. With a suitable diet, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption. If diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to feeling full earlier and a reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.

Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. Authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease.

Questions and answers on "Obese"

Hii im 27 yrs female suffering from long time obesity since 13 yrs age n now my weight is 92kg at 5 6, i lost my weight from 114 to 76 just two...

doctor1 MD

Dear madam,

It is only the consistent diet and planned exercise that can help you deal with this .

Dr. Shruti

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I am 12 years old,weigh 194 and am 5.1 ft tall. Am I considered fat/obese ?

doctor1 MD

Hi,thanks for query.Your BMI is more then 35.You fall in to obese category.You are still a young boy,please take this seriously and start working...

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hello. am 50 year old female. feeling of fullness/nausea in stomach, tested for h. pylori, don't have it, am taking newly prescribed (using only...

doctor1 MD

Anaemia can cause all these symptoms.
Appendicitis can cause stomach problems like pain abdomen,vomiting etc.
It has no relation to migraine....

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