What is Neonatal seizure?
Seizures in neonates (newborns) remain the most frequent neurological problem in the nursery. Considerable debate about their consequences exists between data and deductions reached through animal experimentations and those obtained through clinical investigations. The main conflicting issues are whether seizures in newborns can plant the roots for epileptogenesis and cause long-term deficits.
Most neonatal seizures occur over a short time, usually only for a few days. Fewer than half of the affected infants develop seizures in later life. Such neonatal seizures are considered acute reactive (acute symptomatic), and thus the term neonatal epilepsy is not used to describe these seizures. The incidence of neonatal seizures has not been clearly established, although an estimated frequency of 80-120 cases per 100,000 neonates per year has been suggested. The incidence of seizures is higher in the neonatal period (ie, the first 4 wk after birth) than at any other time of life