Meningocele

What is Meningocele?

Spina bifida (Latin: "split spine") is a birth defect where there is incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord. There are three main types: spina bifida occulta, meningocele, and myelomeningocele. Signs may include a hairy patch, dimple, dark spot, or swelling on the back at the site of the gap in the spine. Meningocele typically causes mild problems with a sack of fluid present at the gap in the spine. Myelomeningocele also known as open spina bifida is the most severe form. Associated problems include poor ability to walk, problems with bladder or bowel control, hydrocephalus, a tethered spinal cord, and latex allergy. Learning problems are uncommon.

Spina bifida is believed to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. After having one child with the condition or if a parent has the condition there is a 4% chance the next child will also be affected. Diagnosis may occur either before or after a child is born. Before birth if a blood test or amniocentesis finds high alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) there is a high chance of spina bifida. Ultrasounds may also detect the problem. Medical imaging can confirm the diagnosis after birth. It is a type of neural tube defect with other types including anencephaly and encephalocele.

Most cases of spina bifida can be prevented if mothers gets enough folic acid before and during pregnancy. Adding folic acid to flour has been found to be effective. --> A shunt may be needed in those with hydrocephalus and a tethered spinal cord may be surgically fixed. Devices to help with movement such as crutches or wheelchairs may be useful. Urinary catheterization may also be needed.

About 5% of people have spina bifida occulta. and in India about 1.9 per 1000 births. Part of this difference is believed to be due to race with Caucasians at higher risk and partly due to environmental factors.

Questions and answers on "Meningocele"

My daughter had a head injury in 2004, Subsequently she had two bouts of meningitis in 2008/2012. HRCT/PNS/MRI show a csf filled meningocele...

doctor1 MD

Hi,

Thank you for your query on Healthcare Magic.

CSF leak shoud be corrected to prevent the recurrence of meningitis.

The surgical intervention...

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Hi Sir/madam, I just now completed 1 month after aborting a 5 month baby (i.e Aborted because of malformation of baby i.e BABY was having...

doctor1 MD

Hi there.

Is your TSH genuinely low? If yes, then you need to evaluate the reason for it and take appropriate treatment from an Endocrinologist. If...

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I HAVE BEED DIAGNOSED WITH A POCKET OF FLUID ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF MY CRIBIFORM PLATE PUSHING ON THE MENINGOCELE. WHAT TREATMENTS ARE AVAILABLE?...

doctor1 MD

For this u definitely shud undergo Surgery by experience Neuro or skull base surgeon after thorough investigations

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Recent questions on  Meningocele

doctor1 MD

My daughter had a lumbar puncture done this last Sunday, Aug 28th at United Regional ER, XXXXXXX Falls due to severe vomitting and massive migraine...

doctor1 MD

HI, My Kid is Meningocele by birth which was operated when he was 2 months. Now he is 8 years old having incontinence and loose control on bladder....

doctor1 MD

I HAVE BEED DIAGNOSED WITH A POCKET OF FLUID ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF MY CRIBIFORM PLATE PUSHING ON THE MENINGOCELE. WHAT TREATMENTS ARE AVAILABLE?...

doctor1 MD

hello doc,now im 5th month of pregnancy ,before pregnancy itself i am consumed azoran 50mg because of im having low ANA.for my 3rd month of...

doctor1 MD

Hi Sir/madam, I just now completed 1 month after aborting a 5 month baby (i.e Aborted because of malformation of baby i.e BABY was having...

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