Hypertensive disease

What is Hypertensive disease?

Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure or arterial hypertension, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. Blood pressure is expressed by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressures, which are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively, in the arterial system. The systolic pressure occurs when the left ventricle is most contracted; the diastolic pressure occurs when the left ventricle is most relaxed prior to the next contraction. Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100–140 mmHg systolic and 60–90 mmHg diastolic. Hypertension is present if the blood pressure is persistently at or above 140/90 millimeters mercury (mmHg) for most adults; different criteria apply to children.

Hypertension usually does not cause symptoms initially, but sustained hypertension over time is a major risk factor for hypertensive heart disease, coronary artery disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm, peripheral artery disease, and chronic kidney disease.

Hypertension is classified as either primary (essential) hypertension or secondary hypertension. About 90–95% of cases are categorized as primary hypertension, defined as high blood pressure with no obvious underlying cause. The remaining 5–10% of cases are categorized as secondary hypertension, defined as hypertension due to an identifiable cause, such as chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the aorta or kidney arteries, or an endocrine disorder such as excess aldosterone, cortisol, or catecholamines.

Dietary and lifestyle changes can improve blood pressure control and decrease the risk of health complications, although treatment with medication is still often necessary in people for whom lifestyle changes are not enough or not effective. The treatment of moderately high arterial blood pressure (defined as >160/100 mmHg) with medications is associated with an improved life expectancy. and other reviews finding benefit.

Questions and answers on "Hypertensive disease"

I am sam.My age 38,height:158cm,weight:58.I have (ASD(OS) mitral valve normal;interatial septum o.s ASD left to right sunt size1.5CM.I don t have...

doctor1 MD

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The small ASD may better be closed to prevent complications in the future but you must follow as your Doctor has advised...

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I have been waking up feeling nauseous for the last two nights... it also happened about a week ago... can you please tell me why this is...

doctor1 MD


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Nausea is a non-specific symptom that can be due to any diseases condition. I will like to know if you are...

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I would like an explanation of the following diagnosis codes: 292.32 272.0 401.1 690

doctor1 MD

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292 is Drug Psychoses (there is no something like 292.32, maybe you mean 292.2 - Pathological drugs...

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