Hallux valgus

What is Hallux valgus?

A hallux abducto valgus deformity, commonly called a bunion, is a deformity characterized by medial deviation of the first metatarsal and lateral deviation of the hallux (big toe), often erroneously described as an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe.

There is disagreement among medical professionals about the cause of bunions; some see them as primarily caused by the long-term use of shoes, particularly tight-fitting shoes with pointed toes, Bunions occur when pressure is applied to the side of the big toe (hallux) forcing it inwards towards, and sometimes under or over, the other toes (angulation). As pressure is applied, the tissues surrounding the joint may become swollen and tender. In a survey of people from cultures that do not wear shoes, no cases of bunions were found, lending credence to the hypothesis that bunions are caused by ill-fitting shoes.

The bump itself is partly due to the swollen bursal sac or an osseous (bony) anomaly on the metatarsophalangeal joint. The larger part of the bump is a normal part of the head of the first metatarsal bone that has tilted sideways to stick out at its top.

Questions and answers on "Hallux valgus"

Is it related to heart?Please explain. Presently, i have to undergo an operation for HALLUX VALGUS correction. Doctor asked to get it done this ECG...

doctor1 MD

An ECG, or electrocardiogram, is a heart test commonly carried out prior to surgery. It records the electrical activity of the heart and...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

What causes your toes to be stiff? I have bunions that do not hurt as long as I wear thonged Berkinstocks

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
In my opinion bunions are the most likely cause ma'am, pls read below

Detailed Answer:
Hello ma'am and welcome.

Thank you for writing...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

This is an update of previous question which is here below
I would want to know if you see anything abnormal in the Xrays that may have caused the...

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
There is arthritis of MP joint of big Toe.

Detailed Answer:
I have seen the x rays and the space in big toe joint between foot and...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Recent questions on Hallux valgus

Ask Question
Doctor Image

Hi, I am Dr. Andrew Rynne (Family Physician). I will be guiding you through the process. Please write your question below.

Related Disease & Conditions
Related Medical Topics