Emphysema

What is Emphysema?

It is abnormal collection of air in tissue spaces like subcutaneous tissue and lung parenchyma.

Questions and answers on "Emphysema"

hi, what are the modifiable and non modifiable risk factors of emphysema and how it affects the person. what are the common nursing diagnosis for emphysema. thnx! another question is what is the common site for intravenous injection for adults and infants. thnak you

doctor1 MD

Hi welcome to the health care magic

For emphysema diagnosis main single most investigation is spirometry.....

For emphysema medical as well as surgical management available

Treatment done as follow...
-bronchodilator and steroid combination inhaler like Foracort
-for excess cough mucolytic agents...

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I have been diagnosed with asmathe and emphysema. I have been experiencing coughing, running nose, and difficulty breathing in the past 3-4 weeks. Yes, I'm still smoking. I have been taking my medication rescue breathing inhaler. What cause you suggest so those symptoms can go away?

doctor1 MD

Emphysema is an irreversible disease and is hard to manage. Asthma on the other hand is episodic and can be fairly managed with inhalers. Coexistence of the both is uncommon. In a smoker, cough and breathlessness almost always represent obstructive pulmonary disease, one of which is emphysema....

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Does emphasyma aled to lung cancer or any cancer?

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Emphysema doesn't cause lung cancer

Detailed Answer:
Hi Zepopl730,
Thanks for writing in to us.

I have read your query in detail.

Emphysema doesn't cause lung cancer. Emphysema is one of a group of lung diseases known as chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD) or sometimes...

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what is the life expectency of a patient with stage 3 panloular emphysema , degenerative disk disease and spinal stenosis in lumbar cervical and thoracic regions

doctor1 MD

Brief Answer:
Life expectancy depends on lung functions.

Detailed Answer:
Thanks for your question on Healthcare Magic.
I can understand your concern.
Emphysema is radiological diagnosis.
Treatment, severity and prognosis of COPD depend on lung functions.
So PFT (Pulmonary Function Test) is must...

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I am 51 female who smoked for 5 years when I was a teenager but gave up when I was 21, just recently I had my year check up and my blood cholesterol, sugar and FBC were excellent but I had a chest xray that shower a slight start of emphysema, can you give ne some advice on how to keep myself healthy now. Thank you Anna Cook

doctor1 MD

Hi and welcome to HCM. Thanks for the query.
There is no specific treatment but avoid smoking and other bad factors such as obesity, living in smoked areas, physcial inactivity. If you dont have symptoms such as breathing difficutlies,coughing and dyspnea then you dont have to be worried and no...

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my grandmother has emphysema and has been complaining about one side of her ribs and going into her back feeling like they have been stretched out like an acordian. she has been in severe pain for over a year now and still her doctor cannot give her an answer or relieve the pain

doctor1 MD

thanks for your question
in my patients i rule out the causes of chest pain such as lung related or heart related by chest xray , ecg , and if needed an echo .
causes in elderly which causes chest pain are cardiac related , neuralgic , costochondritis
disscuss these points with a general...

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I recently had a surgery and one of the pre-op test was a CT of chest. In the findings section-"there are some changes of centrilobular emphysema."In the Impression section -is says Emphysema.I passesd my pre-ops and recently had my annual physical and neither Doctor noted any irregularities.My spirometry test was normal with FVC 130% -FEV1-120%-and FEV1% 74. I have never smoked but work in second hand smoke environment-I dont have any symptoms and am quite physically active.What does this terminology mean.

doctor1 MD

Even if you have never smoked, you may developed emphysema through second hand smoking environment, just as you mentioned you have been exposed at work.
"centrilobular emphysema", as reported on the CT scan is classic to be secondary to smoke (as opposed to other causes, such as genetic defects),...

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exay findings mild panlobular emphysemtous change

doctor1 MD

Hello,

Thanks for the query.

You reported X-ray chest findings here; however it is not clear what you want to discuss about. Therefore I shall try and provide you with a brief over view of this condition.

Panlobular emphysema means that entire respiratory lobule, from respiratory bronchiole to...

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ive just been told i have tachnacardia high pulse rate. im on bp meds but doesnt help lower pulse rate which is usually over hundred. can this be controlled with meds or is surgery required? im 65 about 50# overweight and have copd with emphysema and plaque in the corotid arteries but no narrowing. im on nebulizer breathing meds also. i have severe ucerated esophagus which is under control.

doctor1 MD

Hello!

Welcome and thank you for asking on HCM!

Regarding your concern, I would explain that a higher heart rate could be related to different possible causes: cardiac arrhythmia, thyroid gland dysfunction, anxiety, electrolyte imbalance, etc..

It is usually treated with medications like:...

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Hi, I recently started experiencing shortness of breath accompanied by sever panic attacks. Despite the fact that the frequency of the attacks has decreased my breathing issues persist. Symptoms include feeling of being chocked, unable to draw a full breath of air, breathing has become a conscious and laboured effort. Results of my chest x-ray show an over-inflation of my lungs as I was advised by by GP today. Treatment with a respiratory specialist has been arranged but won t take place before March . I should mention that I did smoke for ten years on and off but gave up fully and successfully three years ago without ever presenting respiratory issues until November last year. After some research I came across the information that most lung inflations are associated with emphysema which will result in death. Can you let me know based on the above history how likely it is for a 28 year old female ( BMI 18.5) to have developed a fatal form of COPD? Many thanks, Katharina

doctor1 MD

hello katharina,
welcome to healthcaremagic
from your brief history that you have written to us, causes of hyperinflated lungs are
-emphysema or asthma
- copd due to chronic bronchitis
- asthma bronchitis
- smoking.
you have a positive history of smoking for ten years which has predisposed you to...

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Recent questions on  Emphysema

doctor1 MD

My husband has denture and emphysema, in the home is the have prescribed alepam, pax tine, zypine and several other medications for constipation. Are these ok, I read that one of these should not be taken if you have breathing problems. My email is YYYY@YYYY

doctor1 MD

HSP. Doctors are baffled as to what to do. Protein in urine. Weekly ck of urine/bloodwork. On Prednisone for apprx. 4weeks so far. Prednisone has healed up rash nicely but has failed to relieve any swelling much for most of the body,especially the lower legs,ankles and feet. Some complaints of stomach (area)discomfort. No fever. CBC has been done as well as several. CT Scan done,kidney biopsy done and was admitted one day to hospital for that and per nephrologist orders. Sent home with more Prednisone,Lasix(dbl prev dose) and a medication to regulate protein in the urine. Chest X-Ray has been done and claims no apparent fluid in lungs. However,due to the swelling of stomach area and also asthmatic/COPD/Emphysema patient has complained of being much more short of breath compared to before HSP. Doctor(s)/Nephrologist say now that maybe it isn t HSP? This has got to stop and come to and end. No answers on anything much and nothing solid to go on for sure. I know this can last up to 4-8 wks for the most part and this is an adult male patient around 57yrs of age. No previous problems other than occasional bronchitis in winter month(s) and the COPD/Emphysema/Asthma and is on regular inhaler Q 4-6hrs or as needed per 4hrs. and I think an allergy and or/asthma/allergy combo medication pill taken once daily. Not super sure on that though. PLEASE HELP. THANK YOU SO MUCH.

doctor1 MD

I am a 40-year-old, 159 pound, white female. I only smoked when I was a teenager occasionally and as a an adult, I would only smoke when I drank (which now I do not smoke at all). I drink occasionally on the weekends but not much. My father had a history of heart disease, emphysema and diabetes. He had his first heart attack in his mid-30s and had a triple bypass in 1983. At age 72, he passed away due to a massive heart attack he suffered as a result of the stress of having surgery to remove colon cancer. Over the past year or so I have been experiencing chest pains almost every day either at rest or after some activity. Sometimes when I am leaning over, I can get the pain in the center of my chest which can feel almost like muscle pain. Sometimes I experience the chest pains with a feeling of shortness of breath yet when I take a deep inhalation, it seems as though my breathing can be restored to normal. Sometimes with the chest pains I also experience some upper back pain across my shoulders. My neck, jaw and arms never really hurt or go numb. Oftentimes, I can feel my heart racing or feeling as though it is going to pound out of my chest. I have had numerous EKGs done all of which have come back normal. I went to the ER in February of 2009 and was admitted due to chest pains. Upon arrival at the ER, I had bloodwork done including my cardiac enzymes tested (which were all normal), an EKG done which was normal, BP (usually maintains at 112/80), pulse and heart rate were all normal. They kept me overnight so I could have a stress done. I completed that the next morning. The stress test I had was where they took pictures of my blood flow while at rest, then they shot me with some dye, then I ran on the treadmill and then more pictures were taken after that. The results were that I had a heart of a 28 year old, and I was in the top 90% of women my age. Then that afternoon, I had an endoscopy done to rule/out any gastro problems. That, too, was normal. I was seen by a cardiologist while an inpatient and he told me that everything was normal and it is very unusual of a woman my age, even with a family history, to have heart problems. It definitely was not a heart attack nor did he feel it was heart-related. Then I had an abdominal ultrasound completed outpatient which was normal as well as which was normal. I also wore a heart monitor for 30 days which allowed me to record all of my episodes. Upon review of that monitor, they told me I had sinus arrhythmia and tachycardia but there was nothing for me to do about it because it was nothing to worry about. My cholesterol is 195 and I can t remember my exact LDL or HDL but I believe the good cholesterol level was 5 points lower than it should be and the bad was good. My triglycerides were over 300 but at my last blood check they came down to a bit below 200. I am still working on lowering those. I know I do not always eat right nor do I exercise very often. I have cut back on fatty, greasy foods and am losing weight little by little. I continue to have these pains either at rest or after exerting myself. Sometimes I take Prilosec and the pain goes away. I mentally make the pain and heart pounding worse because I start to think there is something wrong with me that my PCP and the tests missed. (My PCP is my cousin who is very familiar with my family history and I truly believe he is doing everything possible to find an answer. Yet he keeps telling me that he is 99.9% sure it is NOT my heart. The only other thing he could do is a catheterization. He doesn t want to do it because there is a 1% risk that something could actually go wrong and cause me a real problem. He did say if I had the catheterization, it would completely give me a 100% answer. I actually gave myself such bad anxiety this past weekend that I actually started believing that I am dying or will die soon. These episodes and symptoms are driving me crazy! I want to hope that it is all just stress or something else. I ve been crazily reading things where they say sometimes people can sense doom or feel anxiety right before something bad like a heart attack or death happens. Please! Any help or answer you could give me to lead me in the right direction to solving my problem would be GREATLY appreciated. Janel M.

doctor1 MD

Hello, My name is Keyna. I am 33 yrs old. I have smoked for 13 years until recently. My doctor sent me to have a routine xray 3 weeks ago and it came back with changes that indicate COPD with the prescence of emphysema . Naturally, I quit (started Chantix). I wasn t given an inhaler until today when I went back in to insist that something be done about the tightness in my chest and the shortness of breath that I had been feeling since before the xray was even done. My Doctor gave me the inhaler, but now states that I was never actually diagnosed with COPD/Emphysema; just some changes. I asked well what in the world is causing me to feel this way? I was told he didn t know, but would not send me to a Pulmonologist until I tried the inhaler first. My PFT was normal and my O2 Sat was 98%. I have so far taken two doses of the PRN inhaler that I can take q4hrs. I noticed an immediate change upon the 4th hour after the first dose. This tells me that I will be needing this inhaler all the time. What is wrong with me; if it s not COPD/Emphysema? Why doesn t my doctor do more testing?

doctor1 MD

I have been diagnosed with emphysema . Pain in my chest and always in my left arm. Sometimes the pain is excruciating. I have a lot of saliva during the painful periods. Cold air (45 and below seem to trigger it quicker). None of the meds given...

doctor1 MD

I am having a strange issue. First off I am an off and on iv drug user of methamphetamine . And a little background I'm 30 y/o and have no known illnesses except hsv1 and heterozygous factor v Leiden . I take prescribed med clonazepam as needed no...

doctor1 MD

I am in the final stages of Emphysema . What is my prognosis. I do not cough or spit up sputim.How many weeks/months to I have left

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