Dysthymic disorder

What is Dysthymic disorder?

Dysthymia ( , from Ancient Greek δυσθυμία, "bad state of mind"), sometimes also called neurotic depression, dysthymic disorder, or chronic depression, is a mood disorder consisting of the same cognitive and physical problems as in depression, with less severe but longer-lasting symptoms. The concept was coined by Robert Spitzer as a replacement for the term "depressive personality" in the late 1970s.

According to the diagnosis manual DSM-IV of 1994, dysthymia is a serious state of chronic depression, which persists for at least two years (1 year for children and adolescents). Serious state of chronic depression will last at least three years, with this length of recovery, it can stay balanced enough to control it from major depressive disorder. Dysthymia is less acute and severe than major depressive disorder. As dysthymia is a chronic disorder, sufferers may experience symptoms for many years before it is diagnosed, if diagnosis occurs at all. As a result, they may believe that depression is a part of their character, so they may not even discuss their symptoms with doctors, family members, or friends.

Dysthymia often co-occurs with other mental disorders. A "double depression" is the occurrence of episodes of major depression in addition to dysthymia. Switching between periods of dysthymic moods and periods of hypomanic moods is indicative of cyclothymia, which is a mild variant of bipolar disorder.

The DSM-5, the 5th edition of the DSM, was released in May 2013 and includes a number of changes. In this edition, dysthymia is replaced by persistent depressive disorder. This new condition includes both chronic major depressive disorder and the previous dysthymic disorder. The reason for this change is that there was no evidence for meaningful differences between these two conditions.

Questions and answers on "Dysthymic disorder"

I have a case study and I need help with an answer....

XXXXXX is a 45-year-old female of average height and weight. Her family physician prescribed...

doctor1 MD

Hello,
Thanks for your query.

I understand your concerns. Choice of medicne in this case depend on factors other than absorption, distribution,...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

have a case study for a class and I need help with an answer....
XXXXXXX is a 45-year-old female of average height and weight. Her family physician...

doctor1 MD

Hello,
Thanks for your query.

I understand your concerns. Choice of medicne in this case depend on factors other than absorption, distribution,...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

have a case study for a class and I need help with an answer....

XXXXXXX is a 45-year-old female of average height and weight. Her family...

doctor1 MD

Hello XXXXXX
Thanks for posting your query to HCM,
I think this is a hypothetical case.
you both are SSRI but different molecules with different...

Read Full Thread   Ask a Doctor Now

Recent questions on  Dysthymic disorder

doctor1 MD

thank you can you please tell me if drinking contaiminated water of tce and pce in very high levels 240-3,400 ppb cause this condition of dysthymia...

doctor1 MD

I am a 27 year old female who is obese but going through program to have weight loss surgery this summer. I have no major medical diagnosis other...

doctor1 MD

I have memory problem and often forget things with in a minute or so. I even have a problem of leaving my work half done through which I am facing...

doctor1 MD

hi i am 41 years old height 5ft 11inches weighing 90kg. i am suffering from mood swings since last 10 years. in the beginning i use to feel better...

Ask Question
Doctor Image
MD

Hi, I am Dr. Andrew Rynne (Family Physician). I will be guiding you through the process. Please write your question below.

Related Drugs/Medications
Related Treatment/Therapy